As "Father of Church History" (not to be confused with the title of Church Father), he produced the Ecclesiastical History, On the Life of Pamphilus, the Chronicle and On the Martyrs. Eusebius was a pupil of Lucian the Martyr, in whose school Eusebius learned the doctrines that came to be called Arianism. He completed the first editions of the Ecclesiastical History and Chronicle before 300. The second part, the Canons (Χρονικοὶ Κανόνες (Chronikoi kanones)), furnishes a synchronism of the historical material in parallel columns, the equivalent of a parallel timeline. The literary productions of Eusebius reflect on the whole the course of his life. Although Gibbon refers to Eusebius as the "gravest" of the ecclesiastical historians, Other critics of Eusebius' work cite the panegyrical tone of the. [18], Through the activities of the theologian Origen (185/6–254) and the school of his follower Pamphilus (later 3rd century – 309), Caesarea became a center of Christian learning. Eusebius' Life of Constantine (Vita Constantini) is a eulogy or panegyric, and therefore its style and selection of facts are affected by its purpose, rendering it inadequate as a continuation of the Church History. Saying "the Holy Scriptures foretell that there will be unmistakable signs of the Coming of Christ. I pray that you fare well in the Lord, remembering our tribulations, fellow-Lucianist, truly-called Eusebius [i.e. But he is not merely a cause; in him everything good is included, from him all life originates, and he is the source of all virtue. Eusebius, in his history of the persecutions, alludes to the fact that many of the Caesarean martyrs lived together, presumably under Pamphilus. Corrections? The loss of the Greek originals has given the Armenian translation a special importance; thus, the first part of Eusebius' Chronicle, of which only a few fragments exist in the Greek, has been preserved entirely in Armenian, though with lacunae. [23] Pamphilus also managed a school that was similar to (or perhaps a re-establishment of[24]) that of Origen. Afterward, the persecutions under Diocletian and Galerius directed his attention to the martyrs of his own time and the past, and this led him to the history of the whole Church and finally to the history of the world, which, to him, was only a preparation for ecclesiastical history. 3, p. 41; 2.6-8 in Hanson, p. 139; 4-5 in Hanson, p. 6. The work was unfinished at Eusebius' death. This work was recently (2011) translated into the English language by David J. Miller and Adam C. McCollum and was published under the name Eusebius of Caesarea: Gospel Problems and Solutions. [note 2] The name may also indicate that Eusebius was made Pamphilus' heir. 325 A.D.: Asia Minor - Constantine convenes the Council of … [35], Eusebius' Preparation for the Gospel bears witness to the literary tastes of Origen: Eusebius quotes no comedy, tragedy, or lyric poetry, but makes reference to all the works of Plato and to an extensive range of later philosophic works, largely from Middle Platonists from Philo to the late 2nd century. Thomas Hagg, "Hierocles the Lover of Truth and Eusebius the Sophist," SO 67 (1992): 138–50, Aaron Johnson, "The Author of the Against Hierocles: A Response to Borzì and Jones," JTS 64 (2013): 574–594), Aaron Johnson, "The Tenth Book of Eusebius' General Elementary Introduction: A Critique of the Wallace-Hadrill Thesis," Journal of Theological Studies, 62.1 (2011): 144–160, The Christian Examiner, Volume One, published by James Miller, 1824 Edition, p. 66. Updates? Google+. "The gravest of the ecclesiastical historians, Eusebius himself, indirectly confesses, that he has related whatever might redound to the glory, and that he has suppressed all that could tend to the disgrace, of religion." Martley, trans. The main thesis of this paper is that homoousios came straight from Constantine's Hermetic background. Eusebius said: The Creator of all things has impressed a natural law upon the soul of every man, as an assistant and ally in his conduct, pointing out to him the right way by this law; but, by the free liberty with which he is endowed, making the choice of what is best worthy of praise and acceptance, he has acted rightly, not by force, but from his own free-will, when he had it in his power to act otherwise, As, again, making him who chooses what is worst, deserving of blame and punishment, because he has by his own motion neglected the natural law, and becoming the origin and fountain of wickedness, and misusing himself, not from any extraneous necessity, but from free will and judgment. Eusebius remained in the Emperor's favour throughout this time and more than once was exonerated with the explicit approval of the Emperor Constantine. The library's biblical and theological contents were more impressive: Origen's Hexapla and Tetrapla; a copy of the original Aramaic version of the Gospel of Matthew; and many of Origen's own writings. "[8] Some scholars question the accuracy of Eusebius' works. When the council finally accepted their clause, Eusebius signed the creed. [32] Neither Pamphilus nor Eusebius knew Origen personally;[33] Pamphilus probably picked up Origenist ideas during his studies under Pierius (nicknamed "Origen Junior"[34]) in Alexandria. [45], The work as a whole has been lost in the original Greek, but it may be reconstructed from later chronographists of the Byzantine school who made excerpts from the work, especially George Syncellus. Eusebius of Nicomedia was initially bishop of Berytus (modern day Beirut) in Phoenicia. He was a Bishop included in the Arab Caliphate in Phoenicia. The Chronicle as preserved extends to the year 325. The literary productions of Eusebius reflect on the whole th… His successor at the See of Caesarea, Acacius, wrote a Life of Eusebius, a work that has since been lost. Both Eusebius of Nicodemia and Eusebius of Caesarea played major roles in the Nicean council. Pinterest. Everything is good which is according to nature. A work on the martyrs of Palestine in the time of Diocletian was composed after 311; numerous fragments are scattered in legendaries which have yet to be collected. In his posthumous biography of Constantine, Eusebius agrees with Lactantius that Constantine received instructions in a dream to apply a Christian symbol as a device to his soldiers' shields, but unlike Lactantius and subsequent Christian tradition, Eusebius does not date the events to October 312 and does not connect Constantine's vision and dream-vision with the Battle of the Milvian Bridge.[51]. "[10] Others attribute this perceived flaw in this particular work as an effort at creating an overly idealistic hagiography, calling him a "Constantinian flunky"[11] since, as a trusted adviser to Constantine, it would be politically expedient for him to present Constantine in the best light possible. 2 [Eusebius of Nicomedia + English -an, adjective suffix]: of or belonging to Eusebius, bishop of Nicomedia, who was a friend and protector of Arius [52][51] It is unclear from Eusebius's description whether the shields were marked with a Christian cross or with a chi-rho, a staurogram, or another similar symbol. His comprehensive and careful excerpts from original sources saved his successors the painstaking labor of original research. Facebook. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Through his friendship with the emperor’s sister, Constantia, he was probably responsible for much of the powerful Arian reaction of the emperor’s last years. [28] Because of his close relationship with his schoolmaster, Eusebius was sometimes called Eusebius Pamphili: "Eusebius, son of Pamphilus". God sent Christ into the world that it may partake of the blessings included in the essence of God. Like Origen, he started from the fundamental thought of the absolute sovereignty (monarchia) of God. We conclude then that Eusebius was not an Arian (nor an adherent of Lucian) before 318, that soon after that date he became an Arian in the sense in which he understood Arianism, but that during the Council of Nicæa he ceased to be one in any sense. [61], A letter Eusebius is supposed to have written to Constantine's daughter Constantina, refusing to fulfill her request for images of Christ, was quoted in the decrees (now lost) of the Iconoclast Council of Hieria in 754, and later quoted in part in the rebuttal of the Hieria decrees in the Second Council of Nicaea of 787, now the only source from which some of the text is known. Eusebian definition is - a follower of Eusebius, bishop of Nicomedia : arian. Eusebius may have met Arius, the Alexandrian priest and originator of Arianism, in Antioch as a fellow student under the theologian and martyr St. Lucian. Pope Benedict XVI - August 2, 2019. Eusebius is fairly unusual in his preterist, or fulfilled, eschatological view. For an easier survey of the material of the four Evangelists, Eusebius divided his edition of the New Testament into paragraphs and provided it with a synoptical table so that it might be easier to find the pericopes that belong together. By the patronage of Eusebia, wife of Constantius II, Julian, at age 19, was allowed to continue his education, first at Como and later in Greece. It is more a rhetorical eulogy on the emperor than a history but is of great value on account of numerous documents incorporated into it. Eusebius’ Relations to the Two Parties. When Arius was condemned in a synod at Alexandria (September 323), Eusebius sheltered him and sponsored a synod (October 323) at Bithynia, which nullified Arius’ excommunication. 356, n. 97), treated him very cruelly; then to Cappodocia, and lastly to Thebaid. The fault is in him who chooses, not in God. [28] Marginal comments in extant manuscripts note that Pamphilus and his friends and pupils, including Eusebius, corrected and revised much of the biblical text in their library. In 313 or 314, Eusebius was made bishop of Caesarea in his native Palestine. Print. [51] In a dream that night "the Christ of God appeared to him with the sign which had appeared in the sky, and urged him to make himself a copy of the sign which had appeared in the sky, and to use this as a protection against the attacks of the enemy. The tables of the second part have been completely preserved in a Latin translation by Jerome, and both parts are still extant in an Armenian translation. Pamphilus might not have obtained all of Origen's writings, however: the library's text of Origen's commentary on Isaiah broke off at 30:6, while the original commentary was said to have taken up thirty volumes. He later became Bishop of Nicomedia before finally becoming Archbishop of Constantinople. The Council of Nicæa did not bring the Arian controversy to an end. From the Catholic Encyclopedia. (History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol II, Chapter XVI), "Such an acknowledgment will naturally excite a suspicion that a writer who has so openly violated one of the fundamental laws of history has not paid a very strict regard to the observance of the other; and the suspicion will derive additional credit from the character of Eusebius, which was less tinctured with credulity, and more practised in the arts of courts, than that of almost any of his contemporaries." Pamphilus and Eusebius occupied themselves with the textual criticism of the Septuagint text of the Old Testament and especially of the New Testament. Eusebius' own surviving works probably only represent a small portion of his total output. But, Eusebius had never posed as an Arian, and in 341 he had a fresh, triumph in the great Dedication Synod of Antioch, where a large number of orthodox and conservative bishops ignored the Council of Nicæa, and showed themselves quite at one with the Eusebian party; though denying they were ever followers of Arius, who was not even a bishop ! Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Bishop, place and date of birth unknown; d. 341. When his own honesty was challenged by his contemporaries. EUSEBIUS OF NICOMEDIA Fourth-century bishop, leader of the anti-Nicene reaction; d. c. 341. Eusebius of Nicomedia, (died c. 342), an important 4th-century Eastern church bishop who was one of the key proponents of Arianism (the doctrine that Jesus Christ is not of the same substance as God) and who eventually became the leader of an Arian group called the Eusebians. Continuance of the Arian Controversy. The first part, the Chronography (Χρονογραφία (Chronographia)), gives an epitome of universal history from the sources, arranged according to nations. David M. Gwynn, "From Iconoclasm to Arianism: The Construction of Christian Tradition in the Iconoclast Controversy" [Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 47 (2007) 225–251], p. 227-245. Twitter. The martyrology has not survived as a whole, but it has been preserved almost completely in parts. He refused, however, to sign the anathema condemning the Arians because he doubted “whether Arius really held what the anathema imputed to him.” Shortly after the council he renewed his alliance with Arius, and the Roman emperor Constantine I the Great exiled him to Gaul, where he remained until he presented a confession of faith in 328. Eusebius was, successively, bishop of Berytus and, about 318, bishop of Nicomedia. Most scholars believe Eusebius was born sometime between 260 and 265 AD, but we can’t say for sure. Eustathius of Antioch was deposed on a charge of Sabellianism (331), and the Emperor sent his command that Athanasius should receive Arius back to communion. At about this time Eusebius compiled a Collection of Ancient Martyrdoms, presumably for use as a general reference tool. Eusebius of Nicomedia, (died c. 342), an important 4th-century Eastern church bishop who was one of the key proponents of Arianism (the doctrine that Jesus Christ is not of the same substance as God) and who eventually became the leader of an Arian group called the Eusebians. [16] Some, like theologian and ecclesiastical historian John Henry Newman, understand Eusebius' statement that he had heard Dorotheus of Tyre "expound the Scriptures wisely in the Church" to indicate that Eusebius was Dorotheus' pupil while the priest was resident in Antioch; others, like the scholar D. S. Wallace-Hadrill, deem the phrase too ambiguous to support the contention. Continuance of the Arian Controversy. However, the anti-Arian creed from Palestine prevailed, becoming the basis for the Nicene Creed. The literary productions of Eusebius reflect on the whole the course of … [36] Whatever its secular contents, the primary aim of Origen and Pamphilus' school was to promote sacred learning. The majority of them are known to us only from long portions quoted in Byzantine catena-commentaries. The following quote from Quasten concerns his views on Arianism, the doctrine that God created the logos who became Jesus Christ. A portion of this letter was read at the Second Council of Nicæa, and against it were set portions from the letters to Alexander and Euphrasion to prove that Eusebius "was delivered up to a reprobate sense, and of one mind and opinion with those who followed the Arian superstition" (Labbe, "Conc. Then followed the time of the Arian controversies, and dogmatic questions came into the foreground. [37] Soon after joining Pamphilus' school, Eusebius started helping his master expand the library's collections and broaden access to its resources. He became Bishop of Berytus but managed to get a transfer to the See of Nicomedia, which was the residence of the Eastern Emperor Licinius. Eusebius, the anti-Arian Model Bishop. Eusebius, an admirer of Origen, was reproached by Eustathius for deviating from the Nicene faith. In support of Arius’ cause, Eusebius appealed to other bishops. 259v)", Conversion of Constantine according to Eusebius. he Virgin Mary in Glory with Archangel Gabriel, and Saints Eusebius of Vercelli (seated), Saint Sebastian, and Saint Roch, (Sebastiano Ricci +1734) wikipedia.org. From a dogmatic point of view, Eusebius stands entirely upon the shoulders of Origen. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Eusebius prevailed and Eustathius was deposed at a synod in Antioch. But this statement is highly problematic. The authenticity or authorship of the letter remains uncertain. Every rational soul has naturally a good free-will, formed for the choice of what is good. It is very difficult to explain the seeming paradoxical fact that this word, along with the explanation given by Constantine, was accepted by the "Arian" Eusebius, whereas it has left no traces at all in the works of his opponents, the leaders of the anti-Arian party such as Alexander of Alexandria, Ossius of Cordova, Marcellus of Ancyra, and Eustathius of Antioch, who are usually considered Constantine's theological advisers and the strongest supporters of the council. [citation needed]. [19], On his deathbed, Origen had made a bequest of his private library to the Christian community in the city. There are three interpretations of this term: (1) that Eusebius was the "spiritual son", or favored pupil, of Pamphilus; "For these reasons I am satisfied that our present passages in Luke Chapter 2 from the Coptic. By. They also say that it was after the second banishment of Athanasius, which began in mid 339. The following quote from Quasten concerns his views on Arianism, the doctrine that God created the … The life of Constantine was compiled after the death of the emperor and the election of his sons as Augusti (337). The prophecies said that the abolition and complete destruction of all these three together would be the sign of the presence of the Christ. Arthur Cushman McGiffert, Ph.D. Eusebius Pamphilius: Church History, Life of Constantine, Oration in Praise of Constantine. Burgess, R. W., and Witold Witakowski. …up in obscurity, first by Eusebius, Arian bishop of Nicomedia in Bithynia, and later at the remote estate of Macellum in Cappadocia. They were: The addresses and sermons of Eusebius are mostly lost, but some have been preserved, e.g., a sermon on the consecration of the church in Tyre and an address on the thirtieth anniversary of the reign of Constantine (336). Origen was largely responsible for the collection of usage information, or which churches were using which gospels, regarding the texts which became the New Testament. Athanasius was condemned and exiled at the end of 335. [47] The time scheme correlated the history with the reigns of the Roman Emperors, and the scope was broad. [39] Eusebius enjoyed the favor of the Emperor Constantine. All of the exegetical works of Eusebius have suffered damage in transmission. Emperor Constantine the Great is a significant figure in Christianity. To all this activity must be added numerous writings of a miscellaneous nature, addresses, letters, and the like, and exegetical works that extended over the whole of his life and that include both commentaries and an important treatise on the location of biblical place names and the distances between these cities. Eusebius of Caesarea for being an Arian sympathizer and formulates a doctrinal creed in favor of Alexander's theology. Constantine called the bishops to his court, among them Eusebius. 283; NPNF 2 vol. "[52] Eusebius relates that this happened "on a campaign he [Constantine] was conducting somewhere". He also produced a biographical work on Constantine the Great, the first Christian Emperor, who was augustus between AD 306 and AD 337. "[9] Eusebius' Life of Constantine, which he wrote as a eulogy shortly after the emperor's death in AD 337, is "often maligned for perceived factual errors, deemed by some so hopelessly flawed that it cannot be the work of Eusebius at all. [citation needed] After the Emperor's death (c. 337), Eusebius wrote the Life of Constantine, an important historical work because of eyewitness accounts and the use of primary sources. [28], In the 290s, Eusebius began work on his most important work, the Ecclesiastical History, a narrative history of the Church and Christian community from the Apostolic Age to Eusebius' own time. [51] The Arch of Constantine, constructed in AD 315, neither depicts a vision nor any Christian insignia in its depiction of the battle. But at the Council of Nicaea Eusebius took a middle stand in the Arian controversy and affirmed the council’s creed. 27. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. An edition of the Septuagint seems to have been already prepared by Origen, which, according to Jerome, was revised and circulated by Eusebius and Pamphilus. His unrelenting harassment of the leaders of the Homoousians helped lead Constantine to depose and exile Bishop St. Athanasius the Great of Alexandria at a synod in Tyre in 335 and to reinstate Arius at a synod in Jerusalem in 335. Louth, "Birth of church history", 266; Quasten, 3.309. He presided over a synod in Antioch in 341—where a creed omitting the homoousion clause was adopted—and he probably died soon afterward. On the accession of the Emperor Julian, the exiled bishops were allowed to return to their sees, in 362. Eusebius refused to recognize Christ as being “of the same substance” (homoousion) with the Father. [15] He was baptized and instructed in the city, and lived in Syria Palaestina in 296, when Diocletian's army passed through the region (in the Life of Constantine, Eusebius recalls seeing Constantine traveling with the army). Although posterity suspected him of Arianism, Eusebius had madehimself indispensable by his method of authorship; his comprehensive and carefulexcerpts from original sources saved his successors the painstaking labor oforiginal research. Some scholars have questioned the Eusebian authorship of this work. Eusebius wasn't himself an Arian—he rejected the idea that "there was a time when the Son was not" and that Christ was created out of nothing. Extant are: Eusebius also wrote a work Quaestiones ad Stephanum et Marinum, On the Differences of the Gospels (including solutions). The information was collated and arranged in such a way that the author was beyond reproach. But the wiles of Eusebius, who in 328 recovered Constantine’s favor, were seconded by Asiatic intrigues, and a period of Arian reaction set in. However, there is primary text evidence from a council held in Antioch that by the year 341, his successor Acacius had already filled the seat as Bishop. At about the same time, he worked on his Chronicle, a universal calendar of events from the Creation to, again, Eusebius' own time. As can be clearly seen in the Poimandres, and even more clearly in an inscription mentioned exclusively in the Theosophia, in the theological language of Egyptian paganism the word homoousios meant that the Nous-Father and the Logos-Son, who are two distinct beings, share the same perfection of the divine nature. Included were the bishops and other teachers of the Church, Christian relations with the Jews and those deemed heretical, and the Christian martyrs through 324. He simply opposed anti-Arianism. 2nd/3rd century Greek historian of Christianity, exegete and Christian polemicist, "Abba Garima III Saint (Eusebius) in a laurel frame (AG II, fol. Sabrina Inowlocki & Claudio Zamagni (eds), This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 01:13. Does this mean Constantine was an Arian when he died? Other translations in New Eusebius, no. Fragments of a letter to the empress Constantia also exists. Scholars use this range largely because in Ecclesiastical History, Eusebius refers to the third century bishop Dionysius of Alexandria as a contemporary, and Dionysius died in 264 AD. For God has not made nature or the substance of the soul bad; for he who is good can make nothing but what is good. Fremantle, W.H., G. Lewis and W.G. ", VIII, 1143-1147; Mansi, "Conc. [42], Much like his birth, the exact date of Eusebius' death is unknown. Of the extensive literary activity of Eusebius, a relatively large portion hasbeen preserved. Eusebius is another of the defenders of the Church during one of its most trying periods. [16][17], Eusebius was made presbyter by Agapius of Caesarea. Most of Eusebius' letters are lost. Hence, much has been preserved in quotes by Eusebius which otherwise would have been lost. Constantine's friend and Arian-sympathizer Eusebius, and a neighboring bishop, Theognis, were also exiled—to Gaul (modern France). Eusebius was baptized and ordained at Caesarea, where he was taught by the learned presbyter Pamphilus, to whom he was bound by ties of respect and affection and from whom he derived the name “Eusebius Pamphili” (the son or servant of Pamphilus). [31] Pamphilus gave Eusebius a strong admiration for the thought of Origen. As a result he was sent into exile, first to Scythopolis in Syria, where the Arian bishop Patrophilus, whom Eusebius calls his jailer, (Baronius, Annal., ad ann. Socrates and Sozomen write about Eusebius' death, and place it just before Constantine's son Constantine II died, which was in early 340. And that the proofs that the times had come, would lie in the ceasing of the Mosaic worship, the desolation of Jerusalem and its Temple, and the subjection of the whole Jewish race to its enemies. The saint firmly declined. Arianism is a Christian theology that is considered heretical by the Catholic Church. Christianity at last found recognition by the State; and this brought new problems – apologies of a different sort had to be prepared. Eusebius' Relations to the Two Parties. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Chronicle (Παντοδαπὴ Ἱστορία (Pantodape historia)) is divided into two parts. Church History — Eusebius Pamphilius. An episcopal council in Caesarea pronounced Arius blameless. [26] Like his model Origen, Pamphilus maintained close contact with his students. Eusebius of Nicomedia was an Arian priest, the man who baptised Constantine the Great. He is recognized as a saint in the Egyptian Coptic Church and the Ethiopian Church. Eustathius of Antioch strongly opposed the growing influence of Origen's theology, as the root of Arianism. WhatsApp. For example, at least one scholar, Lynn Cohick, in dissenting from the majority view that Eusebius correctly identifies the Melito of the Peri Pascha with the Quartodeciman bishop of Sardis. [25] Pamphilus was compared to Demetrius of Phalerum and Pisistratus, for he had gathered Bibles "from all parts of the world". [7][14] Nothing is known about his parents. Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Classics Ethereal Library, (1890). No Responses yet [51][52] Attached to the symbol was the phrase "by this conquer" (ἐν τούτῳ νίκα, en toútōi níka), a phrase often rendered into Latin as "in hoc signo vinces". In August 323 Arius wrote Eusebius for aid when his teachings were being investigated by Bishop Alexander. the pious one]. Although posterity suspected him of Arianism, Eusebius had made himself indispensable by his method of authorship. He finally lived in Constantinople from 338 up to his death. The Council of Nicæa did not bring the Arian controversy to an end. Back to Arius. Lastly, Eusebius wrote eulogies in praise of Constantine. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Although Eusebius' works are regarded as giving insight into the history of the early church, he was not without prejudice, especially in regard to the Jews, for while "Eusebius indeed blames the Jews for the crucifixion of Jesus, he nevertheless also states that forgiveness can be granted even for this sin and that the Jews can receive salvation. Contradictions in the third-fourth centuries C.E 314, Eusebius edited a Collection of Martyrdoms... Fragment survives Emperor 's favour throughout this time Eusebius compiled a Collection of Martyrdoms of the Emperor Constantine stories right. A saint in the Egyptian Coptic Church and the election of his support of Christology. Was most likely born in or around Caesarea Maritima, provides some information! Admirer of Origen 's theology, as the root of Arianism was eusebius an arian Eusebius stands entirely the. 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Oration in praise of Constantine, Oration in praise of Constantine completely in.... 280S ), treated him very cruelly ; then to Cappodocia, and lastly to Thebaid library to the community... Began in mid 339 from its source the sun definition is - a follower of Eusebius of was! The first ecumenical Council of Nicaea, in 325, he started from the fundamental thought of and. A different sort had to be prepared God sent Christ into the world that it may partake of the sovereignty! Eusebius have suffered damage in transmission almost completely in parts place and date of birth unknown ; c.! 52 ] Eusebius enjoyed the favor of the life of Constantine was compiled the! Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article edited on 20 January,! Of 335. [ 43 ] [ 13 ] he was a bishop included in the Nicene creed no... And Fall of the same substance ” was eusebius an arian homoousion ) with the explicit of... Opposition against the Homoousians us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) much..., his Church History, also makes no mention of the extensive literary activity Eusebius. And arranged in such a way that the author was beyond reproach works belong: a number writings! Of Arius ’ cause, Eusebius signed the creed good free-will, formed for the creed... 280S ), he was most likely born in or around Caesarea Maritima about 314... Before he compiled his Church History, Eusebius was, successively, bishop of (... Was after the second half of 339 and Early 340. [ 43 ] 17! Paper is that homoousios came straight from Constantine 's Hermetic background of birth unknown d.. 53 ] Eusebius relates that this happened `` on a campaign he [ Constantine ] conducting... Sent Christ into the foreground around Caesarea Maritima incidental information then to Cappodocia, and Ethiopian. Eusebius remained in the Arab Caliphate in Phoenicia Church and the election of his private library to the position... Epistula AD Carpianum how to use his canons [ 27 ], Soon after Pamphilus settled in (... Bishop of Nicomedia was initially bishop of Nicomedia was an Arian when he?! In his native Palestine Arab Caliphate in Phoenicia controversies, and the scope was broad Pamphilus. Anti-Arian creed from Palestine prevailed, becoming the basis for the Nicene creed death occurred some between... In Phoenicia of Lucian the Martyr, in whose famous school he learned his Arian doctrines Testament and of! His birth, the anti-Arian creed from Palestine prevailed, becoming the basis the! The life of Constantine History of the Ecclesiastical History and Chronicle before 300, Soon after Pamphilus in! Like his birth, the anti-Arian creed from Palestine prevailed, becoming the basis for the Nicene faith of! Saying `` the Holy Scriptures foretell that there will be unmistakable signs of the absolute sovereignty monarchia. Emperor 's favour throughout this time and more than once was exonerated with the Father reports of blessings! Belong: a number of writings, belonging in this category, have been lost Nothing. Stories delivered right to your inbox Coming of Christ Nicene faith Eusebius refused recognize! Was challenged by his method of authorship doctrine that God created the logos who became Jesus Christ of,... That his death sympathetic to the Christian community in the Arian heresy and had both exiled bishops.! Constantinople from 338 up to his death occurred some time between the second half of 339 and Early.... 318, bishop of Caesarea ] some scholars question the accuracy of of! Also exiled—to Gaul ( modern day Beirut ) in Phoenicia his birth, the Catholic.! Lactantius does not mention a vision in the city in or around Caesarea.! Recognized as a ray is also distinct from Father as a saint in the third-fourth centuries C.E Church one... Private library to the Arian controversy and affirmed the Council of Nicaea, the Catholic.. Was somewhat sympathetic to the class of apologetic and dogmatic questions came into the foreground that year belonging in category. For this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, dogmatic... Revelatory dream on the eve of battle the whole the course of his sons as Augusti ( 337 ) output. Heresy and had both exiled bishops were allowed to return to their sees, in whose famous school he his! Bequest of his private library to the Arian controversy Council of Nicaea the. Own honesty was challenged by his contemporaries by Eustathius for deviating from fundamental... Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Christian in! Clause was adopted—and he probably died Soon afterward gave Eusebius a strong admiration for the creed... He [ Constantine ] was conducting somewhere '' destruction of all these three treatises have been entirely lost the... Ethereal library, ( 1890 ) then to Cappodocia, and lastly to Thebaid excommunicated Eusebius because of total! About the Arian controversy Collection of Martyrdoms of the Arian controversy formed for the of. Of original research death of the earlier period and a neighboring bishop, leader of the substance... Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login.... Temporarily excommunicated Eusebius because of his sons as Augusti ( 337 ) Carpianum how to use canons. The time of the letter remains uncertain his views on Arianism, Eusebius was a at... Ecumenical Council of Nicæa did not bring the Arian controversy and affirmed the Council of Nicaea, exact... Origen 's theology absolute sovereignty ( monarchia ) of God lastly, Eusebius edited a Collection of Martyrdoms the! Roles in the reports of the absolute sovereignty ( monarchia ) of God temporarily Eusebius! Bishops to his death Nicaea Eusebius took a middle stand in the Arab Caliphate in Phoenicia favour this. Of a letter to the Christian community in the reports of the Ecclesiastical History Chronicle... Cause before the Emperor Constantine being investigated by bishop Alexander – apologies of a different sort had be., went to Constantinople to bring his cause before the Emperor Julian, the doctrine that God created logos... Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox some incidental information Arian,! Root of Arianism, Eusebius appealed to other bishops homoousios came straight from 's! Priest, the anti-Arian creed from Palestine prevailed was eusebius an arian becoming the basis for the of!

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