The Regiment All three of the 2nd Division's infantry regiments participated, with the brunt of the combat borne by the 23rd and 9th Infantry Regiments, along with the attached French battalion. scene of some of the most savage and bitter street fighting of the war, fell in 39 days. The German break-through on 16 December found all three battalions of the 23d Infantry fighting of struggle in the greatest of all wars. white and blue. Eventually the bulge was cut off from X Corps and the 23rd was completely surrounded. The Regimental Crest of the Twenty Third Infantry is symbolized by a shield with the colors The battalion was inactivated on 15 December 2006 and reactivated on 16 April 2007 as a Stryker infantry battalion at Fort Lewis, Washington and assigned to the 4th Brigade Combat Team (Stryker), 2nd Infantry Division.[4]. Because of the constricting terrain and the narrow confines of the objectives, units were committed piecemeal to the fray, one platoon, company, or battalion at a time. A veteran of the 2nd Division since 2nd of February, 1940, Colonel Lovless has served in the three FOB Price eventually grew to over twice its original size. for action in the vicinity of Vieurville, France. Once a particular element had been so ground-up that it could no longer stand the strain, a fresh unit would take its place, until the 23rd Infantry as a whole was fairly well shattered. unit decoration presented the Regiment for service during the First World War. ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-584-1501 var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-80948-1"); Traveling through the Suez Canal, it completely circumnavigated the globe It then entrained for Camp Travis, Texas (later As this book goes to press a recommendation for the Congressional Medal of Honor is pending maneuvers ever conducted in the United States Army. headquarters company; green, supply company; purple, machinegun company; red, 1st Battalion; For the next five days the Shermans roared up and down the Mundung-ni Valley, over-running supply dumps, mauling troop concentrations and destroying approximately 350 bunkers on Heartbreak Ridge and in the surrounding hills and valleys. be forgotten. Company C conducted missions in Mohammad Karim Kalay, as well as Yakhchal, in order to disrupt enemy forces influencing HWY 1. Lo highway, France; 2nd Lt. In the month long operation, the task force had 15 enemy KIA, 9 enemy WIA, 23 IEDs found and cleared, 8 IED strikes, and 497 individuals enrolled in biometric systems. As part of this, 4-23 IN was to move out of Zabul Province and occupy bases in Helmand Province, in order to provide security on Highways 1 and 601. Company B was released from 1-17 IN on 28 December and moved to FOB Tombstone, from which they would begin operations along Highway 1 west of the city of Gereshk. During February, several smaller company operations were conducted along HWY 601 and in the Yakhchal valley. unit, and the 23d Infantry as a lead Regiment. It was used to ceased to exist until after the Civil War, when the 2nd Bn. (Indian Heads). the Army of the Potomac. Relieved 20 June 1957 from assignment to the 2nd Infantry Division and reorganized as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS). He was graduated from the Infantry School in 1935 and the Command and The next element to move out from Wolverine was Company C, which conducted a road march through Qalat to Shajoy, the second largest city in Zabul Province. Commander, for action at Notre Dame de'Elle, France; Capt. fought under the most severe climatic conditions. The Indianhead patch worn by members of the 2nd Division was the brainchild of a truck driver clever and vicious enemy, has taken 17,253 prisoners, has never once been driven from ground The Battalion conducted numerous raids, traffic control points and neighborhood engagements to remove insurgents from the city. The last and hardest struggle of the war came in October and ended on 11 November. For this reason, Heartbreak Ridge was the last major offensive conducted by U.N. forces in the war. 4-23 Infantry deployed in April 2012 under the reflagged 2nd Stryker Brigade, known as the Lancers, 2nd Infantry Division to the Maiwand and Zharai District and returned to Joint Base Lewis-McChord in January 2013. to withdraw when both positions were nearly enveloped. crossing France and Belgium to new battle positions on the German border. and returned to the United States in 1901. He distinguished himself conspicuously by gallantry at the risk of Within the companies, two company commanders committed their three rifle platoons. The Twenty Third Infantry returned to the United States on 4 August, 1919, and took part up to August when the organized German resistance in Normandy collapsed. Sweeping on they entered Leipzig, the fifth regimental cadres for newly activated units and numerous smaller cadres. savagely in the line. To the rear of the howitzers, the artillerymen set up a tent for the fire direction center (FDC) personnel. The 23rd Infantry Regiment. From 1937 to 1942, the 23d Infantry, as a part of the 2nd Division, pioneered in the The 2nd Platoon was down in the rice paddies between the 3rd Platoon and Company F. Men from the two platoons on the hill dug their holes just over the top of the forward slope. Colonel Roscoe B. Woodruff (now Major General, Commanding the 24th Infantry Division on the vicinity of Sourbrodt, Belgium. The Division arrived in Korea, via Pusan, on 23 July 1950, becoming the first unit to reach Korea directly from the United States. 4-23 Infantry was the only Stryker battalion operating in the remote, mountainous terrain of Zabul Province, which required greater logistical coordination, maintenance, and care of equipment than any other unit. Company C conducted Operation 'Chinehs': a battalion minus clearing of the Chinehs area north of Shajoy, known as the home of the shadow governor of Zabul. After completing equipment preparation and troop-leading procedures, the battalion conducted a tactical road march to FOB (Forward Operating Base) Wolverine in Zabul Province on 5–6 August. as the insignia for the Division. Also, during 1941 and 1942, the 23d Infantry furnished three full James W. Edwards) placed all three of his rifle companies on the front line to cover the sector assigned to his battalion. Regiment took part in thirteen battles and skirmishes during the War of 1812, including For having been A fierce prolonged battle ensued with the forces on the south side being forced out of position. The regimental Heavy-Mortar Company divided the fire of its platoons and sections among the sectors of the perimeter, the artillery registered on all probable avenues of enemy approach and all units established good communication lines. largest of German cities. [citation needed] The battalion was the only infantry unit in Afghanistan to be tasked to move across two provinces and set up operations in an entirely new area. on the others when he was shot down. As the communications officer of the 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division, he was in a good position to follow the course of his division’s battle. After belatedly recognizing this fact, the 2nd Division crafted a new plan that called for a full divisional assault on the valleys and hills adjacent to Heartbreak Ridge to cut the position off from further reinforcement. pioneered, this time participating in the first large scale winter training program and A smaller tank-infantry team scoured the Sat'ae-ri Valley east of the ridge, thereby completing the encirclement and eliminating any hope of reinforcement for the North Koreans on Heartbreak. The 23rd Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment in the United States Army. Twenty Third Infantrymen on joined the team along the way as reinforcements, quickly to become veterans. The unit derived from the 4th Battalion, 8th Infantry regiment, 1st Armored Division, which served in Mannheim, Germany until the unit was sent (along with the rest of the brigade) to Fort Lewis, Washington in the summer of 1994. 1-23IN occupied combat outpost on the western side of the Tigris River and conducted numerous combat operations to attempt to remove the insurgent threat in the Nineveh Province. this dash, a record seldom equalled elsewhere in military annals. The unit derived from the 4th Battalion, 8th Infantry Regiment, 1st Armored Division, which served in Mannheim, Germany until the unit was sent, along with the rest of the brigade, to Fort Lewis, Washington, in the summer of 1994. It was not much of a hill, only a couple of contour lines on the map. There the Regiment awaited contact with the Russian Army. remained in that defensive area until May. From this point, mounted on tanks and tank destroyers, infantrymen of the 23d made a that scale. As symbolized by its Regimental Crest, the Twenty Third United States Infantry has The 23rd Infantry had many Companies of menBelow is a brief history of . Spearheading this new offensive was the division's 72nd Tank Battalion, whose mission was to push up the Mundung-ni Valley west of Heartbreak Ridge, destroying enemy supply dumps in the vicinity of the town of Mundung-ni. David, my father was in the 2nd Division, 23rd Infantry, Company D from 1940-1945. astounding maneuvers of the war was executed. The Germans were driven from ground capitulation of the Fortress to the 2nd Division occurred on 18 September, 1944. Leroy S. Law, Co. B, posthumously, for The division is awarded three times the French War Cross. Each one of you, I know, is justly proud of your Major General W.M. The Regiment stopped attack after bloody attack. ranks have been filled and the baton passed to capable new hands. Beginning about 22:00, the Chinese launched a series of probes and attacks designed to locate and drive the 23rd Infantry out of their defensive positions. Company A conducted Operation '601 Cougar', clearing north through Gavban in the southern Yakhchal, which yielded a great amount of intelligence about the enemy in the area. In May, when the German threat to Paris became imminent in the Chateau Thierry area, the Infantrymen could climb the smooth hump of earth in a few minutes. The repeated tank and strong infantry. and glory. Company C picked up its sector, responsible for Highway 1 between Gereshk and Durai Junction. terrain. The casualties suffered by a typical American infantry regiment serving in World War II were horrendous. Colonel Jay B. Lovless assumed command of the 23d Infantry Regiment on 16 June, 1944. This incident led the battalion to adopt a more enemy-focused mission, and was the impetus behind Operation 'Laconia', the clearing of Omar Zai, Gazak Kalay, Bowlan Kalay, Patukheyl Kalay and Melizay Kalay. moors, in preparation for the invasion of France. During the action, Sgt. At the 23rd Infantry's perimeter, the usual patrols for the daylight hours of 13 February reported increased enemy activity crowding close to Chipyong-ni on three sides, north, east and west. unaided. Legion of Honor, French Croix de Guerre and the Order of the Surovov, a recent Russian decoration. It caught the eye of a passing high-ranking officer, and was eventually selected Air support kept the Chinese from attacking during daylight hours on the 14th. The 23rd Infantry Regiment T omahawk Association is for anyone who has ever served in the Regiment or any of its Battalions during both peace and times of war. The Twenty Third Infantry was first organized by Act of Congress on 26 June, 1812. The 2nd Infantry Division ("Indianhead"; "2ID," "2nd ID", or "Second D") is a formation of the United States Army.Its current primary mission is the pre-emptive defense of South Korea in the event of an invasion from North Korea.There are approximately 17,000 soldiers in the 2nd Infantry Division… Sleet, rain and bitter cold froze the men's Until the Spanish-American War of 1898, the Regiment alternated periods of activity Battery B, 82nd Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion, joined the regiment, adding six M16 and four M19 flakwagons to the defense of the town. After 30 days of combat, the Americans and French eventually secured Heartbreak Ridge. The Division was initially attached to to 16 June, 1944. and courageously led by its commander, Colonel Jay B. Lovless. 102nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squad (less C Troop) 11.06.1944-29.07.1944: C Troop, 102nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squad: 14.06.1944-29.07.1944 The 37th Field Artillery Battalion (attached to the regiment), arrived on 5 February. When Battery B, 503rd Field Artillery Battalion, arrived, its 155-mm howitzers went into position in the small bowl formed by the U-shaped ridge of which Company G occupied one side. With German speaking soldiers leading, the Regiment firing continuous rounds from an 88 mm gun, thus enabling his own and another company At the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, the Regiment sailed from San Francisco 1-64 Armor deployed and was attached to 1-23 Infantry throughout their deployment. World War I service and commemoration The modern 23rd Infantry regiment was formed during the American Civil War; the regiment saw action in American wars up to the US War in Afghanistan and the Iraq War. with its color black for all units. Relieved by 141st Infantry October 9th-10th, marched to Camp Noblette near Chalons-sur-Marne, remaining there until October 22nd, when the regiment moved, by marching, through St. Mennehould … and opening an avenue for attack on the Argonne Forest. John M. Stephens, Jr., Co. G, for action at Ondenval, Belgium; 1st Lt. Marvin H. Prinds, 4th Infantry Regiment. Commissioned A move was made south to the Czechoslovakian border, and east into Pilsen where the population Several units up to company size (100-200 men) were wiped out. The following narrative describes the fighting for Chipyong-ni that occurred in that sector of the 2nd Battalion's perimeter defended by Company G, 23rd Infantry. Company A moved south of the Sur Ghar Mountains to FOB Sweeney, an outpost that was occupied by a USSF ODA and Afghan National Army Soldiers. spectacular 365 mile drive in 23 days to the vicinity of industrialized Merseburg, Germany, just higher commanders. While 4-23 IN soldiers ate Thanksgiving dinner at their bases, RC South was preparing a FRAGO for 5/2 SBCT. In the immediate emergency … Company B met the enemy several times in "the football", the area between Route Duck and Route Bull, this incident included the second in command of Taliban fighters in Zabul Province, Mohammad Khan. There were two other significant features near the 3d Platoon's area. UN casualties were 51 killed, 250 wounded, and 42 missing. The 23rd Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment in the United States Army. The narrow supply road leading southwest from Chipyong-ni went under the railroad on the southern edge of the town and then, within a third of a mile, passed two embankments of red clay where the road cut through the two ends of a U-shaped hill. during World War I. They ordered a single infantry regiment—the 23rd—and its attached French battalion to make what would prove to be an ill-conceived assault straight up Heartbreak's heavily fortified slopes. [citation needed]. In every action, A short respite, the The right flank of the Mont Blanc Ridge was taken, freeing the city of Rheims Here the biography of a great Regiment pauses on V-E Day, 8 May, 1945. This plan provided for the use of the artillery's machine guns in the front line and, if necessary, the use of some artillerymen as riflemen while skeleton crews manned the howitzers. Upon their arrival into sector, the battalion partnered with the Afghan National Army and Police Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and prepared for the Afghan National Election. Michigan. Lopez, singlehanded, successfully beat Hq & Hq Company, 2nd Infantry Division 9th Infantry Regiment 23rd Infantry Regiment 38th Infantry Regiment Hq & Hq Battery, 2nd Division Artillery 12th Field Artillery Battalion (155-MM) 15th Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM) 37th Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM) 38th Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM) 2nd … Mindinao) from 30 July, 1941, to 11 January, 1942. The 9th Infantry did } catch(err) {}, The following unit history of the 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division, was printed in the ETO On 20 November, 1942, the 2nd Division moved to Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, where it again Staff, the Colonel wears the Legion of Merit, Silver Star with Oak Leaf Cluster, Bronze Star, French of the 14th Infantry was the Philippines. The only existing road was little more than a track that could not bear the weight of the Shermans. The distinction of being the only living member of the 2nd Division holding the Congressional 4-23 Infantry as part of 5th Stryker Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division was the second U.S. Army brigade to deploy with the Landwarrior system. greeted the dougboys with wild enthusiasm. On 16 April, 1944, the Regiment sailed to South Wales, where final preparations for the invasion leaders explained to the Germans that it was a regiment being relieved. This led to the reestablishment of Operation 'Las Cruces': the tightened control of Shajoy City that occurred between 20–24 November, as well as the arrival of engineers and materials for the improvement of force protection on the COP. of Manila. The effect on the Eighth Army was tremendous. In October 2003, as a part of 3-2 SBCT 1st Bn 23rd Infantry deployed from Fort Lewis to Kuwait and then to Iraq as part Operation Iraqi Freedom in the First Stryker Brigade. The This action followed the patrol ambush and the subsequent Battle of the Twin Tunnels area some high ground three miles southeast of Chipyong-ni. clothing to their bodies as they, struggled through waist-deep snow over rough Those who survived to reach the crest arrived exhausted and low on ammunition. attacks, upset the entire German plan of action to reach In 1815, elements of the Regiment, along award to Pfc. a second lieutenant of infantry in 1926, he has served in numerous U.S. posts and in Hawaii and The 23rd Inf Regt came to the Caledon area in October 1943 the main bulk of the division was centralised in Armagh being the Divisional headquaters with regiments spread out from Newry westward along the border to Caledon.The 23rd … The 23rd Infantry Division, initially, and more commonly known as, the Americal Division, of the United States Army was activated 27 May 1942 on the island of New Caledonia. During the ETO War, more than 1,665 miles have been covered, over 30,000 PWs The vigorous enemy attack drove through two ROK divisions and turned the United Nations' attack into a withdrawal that rolled the front lines south between 5 and 20 miles. The Battalion moved via ground to FOB Pacesetter under 4th Infantry Division where they conducted operations in Ad Deluiyah. marched in a column of squads under cover of darkness straight through the German lines. from New York on 8 October, 1943, and arriving in Northern Ireland on 20 October. The 23rd Regimental Combat Team made the decisive defense of Chipyong-ni on 13–14 February 1951. From D plus 2 to V-E Day, this combat team has advanced, 1,665 miles against a Many have the winter and early spring the Regiment engaged in intensive training on the bleak Irish and the city had fallen. During January, the 2nd Marine Expeditionary Brigade and RC South planned Operation Moshtarak, the clearing of the known Taliban stronghold in central Helmand Province known as Marjeh. Barber, Ernest L. F Company, 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division 200 Barber, Rex T. 70th Fighter Group 737 This mission yielded several IED caches, as well as the discovery of a madrassa where young men were trained to be suicide bombers. He was a medic and was wounded and received a bronze star and purple heart on Nov 14, 1944 at … The results were astounding. Twenty Third Infantry landed on Omaha Beach with the first invasion forces. 21 August to 19 September the Regiment battled the 2nd German Paratroop Division which action at Leipzig, Germany. For three nights the march was continued, and after five days and nights of continuous The Ammunition and Pioneer Platoon set up two fougasses (drums of napalm), the first on the road just south of the road cut, the second in the rice paddies in front of the 2nd Platoon. I am deeply and humbly proud to be your commander. The 2nd Division's 2nd Combat Engineer Battalion braved enemy fire to clear this obstacle and build an improved roadway. in the 2nd Division parade in New York. On 6 December, the brigade received a change of mission to stop COIN operations and focus on securing freedom of movement on the highways of southern Afghanistan. In World War II the 23rd Infantry as part of the 2nd Infantry Division came ashore on Omaha Beach on D+1 June 7, 1944, and immediately entered the fierce hedgerow fighting culminating in the seizure of … once gained, has constantly defeated all enemy units in its path. I … It included a battalion of volunteers made up of active and reserve French military personnel who had been sent to the Korean Peninsula as part of the United Nations force fighting in the Korean War. This Battalion had been organized in were completed, including moving to staging areas at various British Channel ports. Activated 25 January 1963 4th Battle Group, 23rd Infantry, Assigned 25 January 1963 4th Battle Group, 23rd Infantry to 172nd Infantry Brigade, Redesignated 1 July 1963 the 4th Battle Group, 23rd Infantry becomes 4th Battalion, 23rd Infantry, Reflagged 1 July 1963 Co F (Abn) to Co (Abn), 4-23rd Infantry at Ft. Richardson, Alaska, Transferred 1 July 1965, 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry to South Korea, Alerted 17 December 1965, the 4th Battalion (Mechanized), 23rd Infantry for overseas deployment, Assigned 14 January 1966 4th Battalion, 23rd Infantry to 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, Activated 14 January 1966 5th Battalion, 23rd Infantry and assigned to 172nd Inf Bde (Separate), Embarked 15 April 1966 4th Battalion, 23rd Infantry on, Arrived 29 April 1966 Vung Tau, and assigned to Chu Chi, Republic of Vietnam, Inactivated 5 June 1972 4-23rd Infantry from 25th Infantry Division, Reactivated 2 August 1972 4-23rd Infantry and reassigned to the 172nd Infantry Brigade in Alaska, Inactivated 2 August 1972 5th Battalion, 23rd Infantry, Inactivated 6 January 1983 4th Battalion, 23rd Infantry, Reactivated 21 January 1983 4th Battalion, 23rd Infantry, Assigned 21 January 1983 4th Battalion, 23rd Infantry to 9th Infantry Division (Motorized), Fort Lewis, WA, Assigned 21 January 1983 2nd Battalion, 23rd Infantry to 9th Infantry Division (Motorized), Fort Lewis, WA, Withdrawn 21 January 1983 All infantry from the, Inactivated on 16 December 1986 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry, 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, South Korea, Inactivated 28 September 1990 4th Battalion, 23rd Infantry, Inactivated 28 September 1990 2nd Battalion, 23rd Infantry relieved from assignment to the 9th Infantry Division, Reactivated 16 April 1995 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry, Assigned 16 April 1995 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry to Fort Lewis, Reassigned 2003 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry, Reactivated 16 March 2004 4th Battalion, 23d Infantry; reorganized as a Stryker battalion, Assigned 16 March 2004 4th Battalion, 23rd Infantry to 172nd Infantry Brigade (Stryker), Inactivated 15 December 2006 4th Battalion (Stryker), 23rd Infantry, Activated 16 April 2007 4th Battalion (Stryker), 23rd Infantry, Assigned 16 April 2007 5th Brigade Combat Team (Stryker), 2nd Infantry Division, 2003-2004 Served in OIF (1st Battalion with 3rd BCT, 2nd Inf Div), 2005-2006 Served in OIF (4th Battalion with 172d INF BDE), 2006-2007 Served in OIF (1st Battalion with 3rd BCT, 2nd Inf Div), 2007-2008 Served in OIF "Surge" (2nd Battalion with 4th BCT, 2nd Inf Div), 2009-2010 Served in OIF (1st Battalion with 3rd BCT, 2nd Inf Div), 2009-2010 Served in OIF (2nd Battalion with 4th BCT, 2d Inf Div), 2009-2010 Served in OEF (4th Battalion, 5th BCT, 2nd Inf Div later reassigned to the 2nd BCT, 2nd Inf Div), 2012-2013 Served in OEF (1st, 2nd, 4th Battalion with 2nd BCT, 2nd Inf Div, 3rd BCT, 2nd Inf Div, and 4th BCT, 2nd Inf Div), American Civil War: Peninsula; Manassas; Antietam; Fredericksburg; Chancellorsville; Gettysburg; Wilderness; Spotsylvania; Cold Harbor; Petersburg; Virginia 1862; Virginia 1863. 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