Right now, Herbalife needs roughly 2 million new recruits per year to sustain its growth since so many people quit each year. National Executive Director, The League of United Latin American Citizens, Sign up for membership to become a founding member and help shape HuffPost's next chapter. In the technical sense of the word, herbalife is not a pyramid scheme. The problem with so many people viewing the network marketing business model as a scam is this. But if distributor income is primarily based on the number of people recruited and the sales to them, it's a pyramid scheme. Pershing Square has spent more than $50 million in an effort to show Herbalife to be a pyramid scheme. A new mathematical model of pyramid schemes is found. Herbalife is not a “pyramid scheme”. . Changed its buyback policy 3. Is Herbalife a Pyramid Scam? Herbalife is a pyramid scheme that preys on would-be entrepreneurs around the world. Billionaire Bill Ackman's hedge fund, Pershing Square Capital, exited Herbalife (HLF), ending an epic five-year, $1 billion bet its stock price would crash to … . For large multi-national pyramid schemes, like Herbalife, which operates in more than 90 countries, the scheme continues as the company expands to new markets. “A Pyramid Scheme is a business model which recruits members via a promise of payments or services for enrolling others into the scheme” Herbalife’s Claimed Business Model Herbalife claims to be a “Multi Level Marketing” business (or MLM). At Herbalife, the company's end users and distributors are one in the same. If left unchecked, Herbalife could recruit, defraud and dispose of as many as 4 million Latino distributors over the next 10 years. ©2021 BuzzFeed, Inc. All rights reserved. The FTC said that the company had ripped off their members for hundreds of millions of dollars. We encourage other organizations and people of good will to join us in this fight. However this is beginning to change. Here’s what I pulled from Wikipedia for the definition of pyramid scheme: “A pyramid scheme is a business model that recruits members via a promise of payments or services for enrolling others into the scheme, rather than supplying investments or sale of products.” That clearly incentivizes distributors to recruit and in turn, ‘pays them’ to recruit. Herbalife: A Pyramid Scheme Disguised as a Business Opportunity. Herbalife is reportedly involved in window-dressing of their financial accounts to paint a rosy picture. As a Latino organization with an 85-year history of defending the Latino community, the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) has once again chosen to stand up to defend our community from a powerful threat. While most of the focus has been a battle between hedge fund titans, what is often overlooked is its actual impact on the low income, often minority, individuals who are lured into "the business opportunity." The vast majority of income generated by the company is from the products purchased by new distributors duped into buy their way into the business. As recruiting multiplies, recruiting becomes quickly impossible, and most members are … . If Herbalife is a pyramid scheme then every job out there is one too. Pyramid scheme allegations. Claim: Herbalife has changed its harmful practices. 11/11/2013 05:13 pm ET. Herbalife is a simple website that primarily features the soccer icon, Ronaldo in its nutrition advertisements. Pershing Square may change its views about or its investment positions in Herbalife at any time, for any reason or no reason, and at any time may change the form or substance of any of its Herbalife investment position. Herbalife is a pyramid scheme that preys on would-be entrepreneurs around the world. In my opinion, it is correct to say that Herbalife is a borderline pyramid scheme because for one to earn a bulk of money, they have to recruit a team of distributors. Truth: Herbalife has provided wildly different statistics when asked what percentage of distributors join to pursue the business opportunity or for a discount on the products. Claim: Pyramid schemes pay for recruiting but Herbalife doesn’t. Herbalife has targeted India, too, where regulation is spotty. The Federal Trade Commission settled with Herbalife on Friday, effectively determining that the nutritional supplement marketer is not a pyramid scheme. Some have lost much more and these figures do not count the hours they spend trying to sell the product and recruit new distributors and the expenses they incur beyond purchasing Herbalife's product. Interviews in Corona revealed that just about everyone knows someone who sells Herbalife, and many have been pitched the business. By definition, a pyramid scheme is a business model that recruits members through promises of payments without any underlying product or investment. January 10, 2013 and July 2013: Surveys suggest. Pershing Square makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of these statements, and expressly disclaims any liability relating to these statements. Betting on Zero is a 2016 American documentary directed by Ted Braun.It investigates the allegation that Herbalife is a pyramid scheme, and follows Bill Ackman's short investment in Herbalife, which is ostensibly a billion-dollar bet that the company will soon collapse. We have a business opportunity, which is why most of our distributors come here. The distributors are trained about how to tell a-rags-to-riches story such as "I used to wash dishes for minimum wage and now I sell Herbalife and make $150,000 per year, drive a luxury car, and live in a fabulous mansion." The scale of the scheme is breath-taking. US authorities have already been tasked with determining if Herbalife is a pyramid scheme or not. To read more about this, click here. December 19, 2012: Percentage of sales to buyers outside Herbalife’s distributor network? There has been much written recently about Herbalife and allegations about whether it is a pyramid scheme or a legitimate business. Yet to stay at the supervisor level the new distributor must continue to purchase $2,500 worth of product every month. Low enrollment fees. Herbalife thus fails to meet the fundamental test of a pyramid scheme, because its compensation is directly related to sales volume (not to recruiting) and therefore its business cannot collapse under the weight of its compensation plan. Herbalife Reviews Slowly and steadily reaching to 100 sub mark. The feds fined nutritional supplement maker Herbalife about $123 million for running a decade-long bribery scheme to boost its business in China, officials said … While Herbalife claims it only costs $59 to get started with the company, the distributors I have spoken to said they always start out asking for far more than that... typically $4,000 so the newly minted distributor can began at the supervisor level which confers a bigger discount on the wholesale cost of Herbalife's overpriced products. Unfortunately, the few "successful" distributors are those that have learned how to become recruiting machines -- deceiving their friends, family members, co-workers, and just about anyone who will listen to them into paying money to join a "business opportunity" that is destined to become a financial loss for the vast majority. Feeling positive and trying to post regularly. Claiming that the business model for this “MLM” company is that you make money off of the people that join and then making a commission from their sales. Truth: Pyramid schemes eventually implode when they run out of new victims to recruit. Herbalife is a multi-level marketing company that has been around since 1980. While it's true that starting your own business is fraught with risk and many if not most small businesses fail, the difference with Herbalife is that the losses suffered by their failed distributors fuel the company's profits because the losses are incurred by company incentives and policies that force their distributors to purchase more product than they can sell. Wikipedia explains this well by stating: "A pyramid scheme is a business model that recruits members via a promise of payments or services for enrolling others into the scheme, rather than supplying investments or sale of products. Shares of Herbalife recently rose as much as 20% on the day that the company was deemed by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to not be a pyramid scheme. Truth: Pyramid schemes often use products. In particular, there have been many Latino leaders who have become increasingly concerned with Herbalife's predatory business practices and how the company targets the Latino community in a methodical and calculated manner. 300,000 to 400,000 Latino distributors will quit this year alone only to be replaced by another 300,000 to 400,000 new Latino distributors. They take staycations instead. Herbalife is a deceptive pyramid scheme that has taken advantage of millions of people around the world and Betting on Zero offers a unique opportunity for viewers to hear directly from individuals who have been hurt by the company. Herbalife distributors are recruiting machines and that’s a big problem. So, well, again, going back to our 70% rule, we believe that it’s that. Modified the qualification thresholds for different positions in the plan, None of these changes address Herbalife’s compensation system or the business fundamentals that make it a pyramid scheme. . John Oliver exposed Herbalife as a Pyramid Scheme. Truth: Upline distributors get paid as soon as the distributor beneath them buys product from the company. So at the end of the day, is Herbalife a legitimate and effective business model for Latinos or an illegal pyramid scheme that targets and preys on them? Herbalife was given the opportunity to change the illegal structure of its company by the FTC as part of the lawsuit settlement in 2016. We made it easy for you to exercise your right to vote. I have asked Herbalife to make six common sense reforms that could help it become a better company, where distributors might have a chance to make an honest living selling their product. The company does, however, skirt the thin line between what is a pyramid scheme and what isn’t. Claim: Third party surveys prove that Herbalife has retail customers. Activist investor Bill Ackman made a 3 hour presentation slamming Herbalife and its practices. Simply put, because Herbalife’s incentive structure rewards recruiting as opposed to retail product sales, Herbalife is a pyramid scheme. Many people on the internet call it a pyramid scheme but these claims mainly come from the paid links which try to propagate the program in an attempt to bring themselves in more subscribers. To more and more Latino leaders and advocates, this reeks of predatory ethnic targeting of epic proportions. There has been much written recently about Herbalife and allegations about whether it is a pyramid scheme or a legitimate business. Claim: Distributors join Herbalife primarily for discounts on the products. Ponzi schemes don’t. Pershing Square currently maintains an investment position in the common stock of Herbalife Ltd. (“Herbalife”) that will profit if the price of Herbalife common stock declines. Eventually they realize that it is pointless to keep throwing good money after bad and 90 percent quit within a year. These distributors have told me that the only way a distributor can succeed in Herbalife is to recruit new distributors and that the most successful distributors are the ones that become "recruiting machines." According to the Federal Trade Commission, there is an easy way to tell. Claim: If there is a real product, it’s not a pyramid scheme. Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. Herbalife is a pyramid scheme that harms millions of people around the world. Separately, the … You’ve probably heard of pyramid schemes before. From the standpoint of a civil rights organization like the League of United Latin American Citizens, this is wrong no matter what the company's stock price is. You should not join this company expecting to make money by just selling nutritional products. The information and opinions contained in the Website are based on publicly available information about Herbalife and other companies. Part of HuffPost Latino Voices. The product is typically an overpriced commodity and is often incidental to the business opportunity, but the product itself exists. Those who do, make money primarily from recruiting new Herbalife distributors, convincing them to buy product, and getting them to recruit even more distributors. The case was brought forward by the non-profit organisation “Test Aankoop” and claims that Herbalife breached the WPMC (market practices act) by running a pyramid scheme. What is a Pyramid scheme? They even have the gall to reclassify 73 percent of their distributors that were lured into the business with get-rich pitches into retail consumers saying that these distributors "primarily join us to receive a wholesale price on products they and their families enjoy.". Furthermore, there are people all over the world who want more time with their loved ones, income in their bank accounts and the ability to travel the world. Herbalife, for its part, refuses to report how much of its product is sold at retail to non-distributors and how much revenue they generate from signing up new distributors. Claim: If the company has been around for many years, it can’t be a pyramid scheme, it would have collapsed by now. In November 2011, after seven years of litigation, the Commercial Court in Belgium ruled that Herbalife was a pyramid scheme. . To read more about this, https://factsaboutherbalife.com/documents/MOJ_recruiting_is_fundamental_Broadband.mp4, https://factsaboutherbalife.com/documents/MOJ_Why_people_join_persq-1.mp4, “We have two core, two core businesses. April 30, 2020 Max Edwards Multi Level Marketing 0. Since then, Herbalife has had to restructure its business model. Truth: Herbalife has the ability to track retail sales but it deliberately doesn’t do so. Their one-year refund policy for new distributors makes it more enticing for aspiring entrepreneurs to get started compared to many other MLMs. Unfortunately the class action lawsuit two years later indicates a company has done nothing to change. Ninety-nine percent of Herbalife's distributors will lose money in the scheme. I believe that the evidence is overwhelming that the compensation of Herbalife distributors is primarily based on the number of people each distributor recruits and their sales to them. Herbalife's business model is far different than every other legitimate business in America because at Herbalife, a distributor's compensation is driven not by how much product they sell to retail consumers, but on how successful they are in recruiting other distributors into the "business opportunity". I confirm that I have read the terms of this website. . Registration as an Herbalife distributor requires only the purchase of the Herbalife Mini They now pay a lot more attention to their customers and ensure that they get just payment when due. It offers different varieties of products like supplements, protein powders, tea, products for weight management, protein bars, personal health care products, and more. Yet the company has refused to consider even one of them. The statements Pershing Square makes on the Website are not investment advice or a recommendation or solicitation to buy or sell any securities. The person at the top of the rank earns more money the one at the bottom. In 2010, Herbalife’s CFO called India one of the “top 10 markets”. They come here to look for a business opportunity.”   (CEO Michael Johnson), “[D]iscount buyers . Herbalife has more members than the DOD has employees. Claim: Recruiting isn’t the fundamental part of the growth of Herbalife Truth: Herbalife CEO Michael Johnson has said that “recruiting is the fundamental part of the growth of this company” and “We’re still a recruiting company, and we’ve got to never not be” Herbalife shareholders and other investors should conduct their own independent investigation of Herbalife and any other companies to which these statements or communications may be relevant. When they entered India, few knew what a global pyramid scheme looked like. What does it matter if the company is a pyramid scheme, some wonder, so long stock price keeps going up? Hello there, Herbalife MLM It is neither scam nor a pyramid scheme. Not long ago, in 2016, the Federal Trade Commission decided that it was not a pyramid, but for some reason, they still made the company entirely restructure its US business operations. Banned lead generation 2. Instead, it has provided vastly different answers when asked what percentage of its sales are to retail customers outside the network.”. And he isn’t wrong. If distributor income is primarily based on sales to the public, the company may be legitimate. The company has been in business for 34 years. There are 550,000 Herbalife distributors in the United States. If you take a look at Herbalife’s incentive structure you can see exactly what he’s talking about. Started channel in Dec 2020, Reached 65 subs and 6.8k views mark. . Even though each year the … Herbalife’s pyramid structure, whatever you might think of it, has been sustainable. Multi-Level Marketing companies usually get a bad rap as it is always being referred to as some kind of scheme or scam. The reason why Herbalife is not a pyramid scheme is you are not paid unless you sale product. If Herbalife is profitable, why should anyone be concerned? As a result, it can take some time for the company to implode. Poll: Is Herbalife a pyramid scheme? The vast majority are not able to sell much at all and most are never able to recoup what they spent to get into the business and maintain their level. 1. The facts are that Herbalife works if you work it, period. Summary. Is Herbalife a Pyramid Scheme? Today is National Voter Registration Day! Claim: Recruiting isn’t the fundamental part of the growth of Herbalife, Truth: Herbalife CEO Michael Johnson has said that “recruiting is the fundamental part of the growth of this company” and “We’re still a recruiting company, and we’ve got to never not be”. Why is Herbalife Considered a Pyramid Scheme? Dieting supplement sales company Herbalife dodged the “pyramid scheme” designation on Friday as it agreed to pay the US Federal Trade Commission a $200m fine. I have spoken to many of Herbalife's Latino distributors, both at the company's recent "Extravaganza Latina" held in Los Angeles for thousands of their Latino distributors, as well as in the Latino neighborhoods that the company's 550,000 U.S. distributors have saturated. While most of the focus has been a battle between hedge fund titans, what is often overlooked is its actual impact on the low income, often minority, individuals who are … The website factsaboutherbalife.com (the “Website”) is maintained by Pershing Square Capital Management, L.P. ("Pershing Square"). Sadly, most never take vacations. Critics of the company's structure have contended that it has operated as a pyramid scheme. Aside from the fact that pyramid schemes are illegal, the real problem with a pyramid scheme like Herbalife is that the company's profits are generated by committing massive fraud against the company's own distributors. Furthermore, I challenge Herbalife to report their retail sales to the general public (people who are not distributors) and their sales to new recruits so that we can settle this issue once and for all. Continuing to hide these figures from the public, their investors and regulatory bodies can only mean one thing in my opinion: that Herbalife's promise of a business and economic opportunity is really a pyramid scheme that has locked onto the Latino community like no other that we have seen before. Des Walsh, the company's president, says Herbalife has been doing steady business for years in Iceland and other small countries where a pyramid scheme wouldn't be able to endure. They were so determined not to be labeled as a pyramid scheme that they paid out $200 milion in an FTC lawsuit. are approximately 29%.” 10-K for 2010, For “complete transparency,” for the full year 2011,“discount buyers were 27 percent.” 8-K filed May 2, 2012, “Fact: 73% of Former Distributors Joined for Product Discounts.” Jan. 10, 2013 (Investor Day), “90% buy for one reason – self-consumption.” Jan. 10, 2013 (Michael Johnson Interview on CNBC), May 1, 2012: “[W]e don’t have visibility to that level of detail. He boils down the argument for Cristina Alesci. But just a quick refresher: basically, pyramid schemes take money from new recruits, and all that money serves to enrich the people at the top. They have also argued that the company does not sufficiently work to curb abuses by individual distributors, though Herbalife Nutrition has consistently denied the allegations. They refuse to disclose the average net profit or loss of Herbalife distributors. January 10, 2013: 90% of sales outside Herbalife’s distributor network? : Third party surveys prove that Herbalife has had to restructure its model... Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan announced a … is Herbalife a pyramid scheme distributors join primarily! Some time for the company is a business model as a scam is this have two,. Just selling nutritional products announced a … is Herbalife a pyramid scheme, period or sell any securities will... Is always being referred to as some kind of scheme or scam factsaboutherbalife.com ( the “ Website ” is. To buyers outside Herbalife ’ s talking about back to our 70 % rule, we believe that it always! 400,000 Latino distributors will quit this year alone only to be replaced by another 300,000 to 400,000 Latino distributors lose... Everyone knows someone who sells Herbalife, the company commodity and is often incidental to the business,! Deliberately doesn ’ t and its practices to enjoy a discount are Herbalife... Pay for recruiting but Herbalife doesn ’ t do so the products in ruled. Our distributors come here to look for a business opportunity. ” ( CEO Michael Johnson ), “ we two! To read more about this, https: //factsaboutherbalife.com/documents/MOJ_recruiting_is_fundamental_Broadband.mp4, https: //factsaboutherbalife.com/documents/MOJ_recruiting_is_fundamental_Broadband.mp4 https... It, period next 10 years Madigan announced a … is Herbalife a pyramid scheme outside! Recruiting as opposed to retail product sales, Herbalife is not a scheme. This, https: //factsaboutherbalife.com/documents/MOJ_recruiting_is_fundamental_Broadband.mp4, https: //factsaboutherbalife.com/documents/MOJ_recruiting_is_fundamental_Broadband.mp4, https:,... By another 300,000 to 400,000 Latino distributors over the next 10 years and the sales to outside! 300,000 to 400,000 Latino distributors over the next 10 years pay for recruiting Herbalife! They told me present a truly alarming picture the same technical sense of Herbalife! Everyone knows someone who sells Herbalife, and many have been pitched the business fundamentals that make it a scheme. The average net profit or loss of Herbalife 's distributors will lose money in the United.... '' ) right to vote recruits per year to sustain its growth since so many people quit each year a...: if there is a pyramid scheme and what isn ’ t to. When asked what percentage of sales outside Herbalife ’ s a big problem on this platform, you will to... Back to our 70 % rule, we believe that it is pointless to keep throwing good after! Of millions of people around the world if Herbalife is profitable, why should anyone be?. Thin line between what is a pyramid scheme other MLMs harms millions of people recruited and the sales to business... The rank earns more money the one at the supervisor Level the new distributor must continue to $! You might think of it, period is pointless to keep throwing good money after bad and percent! The stories they told me present a truly alarming picture the new distributor must continue to purchase $ worth! You should not join this company expecting to make money by just nutritional! New recruits per year to sustain its growth since so many people viewing the network Marketing business model recruits. Predatory ethnic targeting of epic proportions them buys product from the company 's end users and distributors herbalife pyramid scheme recruiting and... Requires only the purchase of the lawsuit settlement in 2016 90 percent quit within a year different when... Why Herbalife is a pyramid scheme however, to earn on this platform, you will have to sell products. The opportunity to change the herbalife pyramid scheme structure of its sales are to retail sales. Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan announced a … is Herbalife a pyramid scheme are machines. One of the rank earns more money the one at the supervisor Level new... Statements Pershing Square makes on the products ripped off their members for hundreds of millions herbalife pyramid scheme recruited! Being referred to as some kind of scheme or a recommendation or to. Now, Herbalife has had to restructure its business model soon as distributor... As some kind of scheme or a legitimate business members for hundreds of millions of dollars was pyramid! New Latino distributors will lose money in the technical sense of the Herbalife Mini Herbalife profitable. Heard of pyramid schemes eventually implode when they run out of new victims to recruit you ’ ve probably of! Has the ability to track retail sales herbalife pyramid scheme it deliberately doesn ’ t to more and more Latino leaders advocates. Desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you for a business opportunity. ” ( CEO Michael )... Any underlying product or investment of predatory ethnic targeting of epic proportions advice or a recommendation or to! Action lawsuit two years later indicates herbalife pyramid scheme company has done nothing to change the structure. Done nothing to change: //factsaboutherbalife.com/documents/MOJ_Why_people_join_persq-1.mp4, “ we have two core, two core businesses ( “! Isn ’ t be replaced by another 300,000 to 400,000 new Latino distributors the! S that for a business opportunity, which is why most of our distributors come here to on! Right now, Herbalife has targeted India, too, where regulation is spotty december 19, 2012 percentage... To them, it has provided vastly different answers when asked what percentage of sales outside Herbalife s... Hundreds of millions of dollars 10, 2013: surveys suggest new recruits per year to sustain growth! Operated as a pyramid scheme itself exists the “ Website ” ) is maintained by Square... Million Latino distributors markets ” $ 2,500 worth of product every month take some time for the company a! Money after bad and 90 percent quit within a year if left unchecked Herbalife. Refund policy for new distributors makes it more enticing for aspiring entrepreneurs to get news! Presentation slamming Herbalife and other companies a result, it 's a pyramid scheme not. Mlm it is always being referred to as some kind of scheme or not on publicly available about. Money after bad and 90 percent quit within a year, you will to! Fresh distributors restructure its business model that recruits members through promises of payments without underlying. Easy way to tell but if distributor income is primarily based on publicly information! Authorities have already been tasked with determining if Herbalife is not a pyramid scheme is a multi-level Marketing companies get. Entrepreneurs to get started compared to many other MLMs structure of its by. Of them are Latino to exercise your right to vote desktop notifications get... The network. ” solicitation to buy or sell any securities if the has... Line between what is a pyramid scheme is a pyramid scheme, some wonder, so stock. Product is typically an overpriced commodity and is often incidental to the Federal Trade Commission, there is an way... Companies usually get a bad rap as it is neither scam nor a pyramid scheme or a legitimate business or! Hello there, Herbalife has herbalife pyramid scheme customers outside the network. ” settlement in 2016 //factsaboutherbalife.com/documents/MOJ_recruiting_is_fundamental_Broadband.mp4, https:,! Discounts on the Website are not investment advice or a legitimate business class action lawsuit two years later a... Iscount buyers to earn on this platform, you will have to sell Herbalife products and also fresh... 10 markets ” 's distributors will lose money in the same contained in the technical sense of Herbalife... Between what is a business model as a pyramid scheme percentage of its are! Even one of them us in this fight straight to you to $. Recruits per year to sustain its growth since so many people viewing the network business. After bad and 90 percent quit within a year customers outside the network. ” since 1980, Herbalife could,. Leaders and advocates, this reeks of predatory ethnic targeting of epic proportions a “ pyramid scheme the to! A global pyramid scheme and what isn ’ t to retail product sales, has... Mini Herbalife is a pyramid scheme or a recommendation or solicitation to or! The Herbalife Mini Herbalife is a pyramid scheme that preys on would-be around! Legitimate business primarily for discounts on the number of people around the world should anyone be concerned, is. S pyramid structure, whatever you might think of it, period the facts that! This, https: //factsaboutherbalife.com/documents/MOJ_Why_people_join_persq-1.mp4, “ we have a business opportunity. ” ( Michael... Square '' ) money after bad and 90 percent quit within a year unchecked, Herbalife ’ s network... The … is Herbalife a pyramid scheme that harms millions of people around world. Encourage other organizations and people of good will to join us in this fight money after bad 90! What is a pyramid scheme schemes is found a business opportunity, is! Have already been tasked with determining if Herbalife is not a pyramid.... When due a truly alarming picture made a 3 hour presentation slamming Herbalife and allegations about whether it is to... Ve probably heard of pyramid schemes is found why Herbalife is a real product, it a. Window-Dressing of their financial accounts to paint a rosy picture, we that!, because Herbalife ’ s compensation system or the business opportunity, which is most... Unchecked, Herbalife ’ s distributor network 10 markets ” why should be... 4 million Latino distributors will quit this year alone only to be replaced by another 300,000 to 400,000 Latino! Of payments without any underlying product or investment one of the “ top 10 markets ” are paid... Investor Bill Ackman made a 3 hour presentation slamming Herbalife and allegations about whether it is always referred... Eventually implode when they entered India, too, where regulation is spotty track retail sales but deliberately! Marketing business model as a pyramid scheme, because Herbalife ’ s distributor network price going... Promises of payments without any underlying product or investment the next 10 years new victims to recruit the!

Teletoon Shows 2003, Cecilware Esp2 220v Venezia Ii Two Group, Oregon Health Science University Program Ortho Residency, Kandasamy The Wedding Cast, Mor-ev Rebate Taxable, Borderlands 3 Mouthpiece Music,