The army was organized from elements of the Army of the West on September 28, 1862, with Earl Van Dorn its first and only commander. On the morning of October 6, Van Dorn learned that another Union force commanded by Stephen Hulbut was approaching from the west; he assigned Maury's division to hold the Davis Bridge over the Hatchie River until the army could reach another crossing six miles to the south. 2, commanded by General Albert Johnston. The Confederate Roster is a state by state compilation of soldiers who served the Confederacy. This promotion severely irritated Army of the Mississippi commander, Braxton Bragg, who blamed McCown for the loss of New Madrid and Island No. The Army of the West was a military force within the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War that the was part of the Trans-Mississippi Department and was composed primarily of members of the old Missouri State Guard. Army of the West . Price also started the process of enlisting his men from the Missouri State Guard into the Confederate volunteer army but the process was slow and only one brigade was organized onto complete regiments by March; another brigade was composed only of battalions and a third of partial organized battalions and companies. West explained that as a young officer in the U.S. Army he had served at places like Fort Bragg -- named after Confederate General Braxton Bragg -- and … Battle lines are beginning to take shape, as the Confederate army, occupied the ground from just west of Hagerstown, all the way down to Downsville, east of Williamsport. The Civil War began when Confederate General P.G.T. During 1861, Confederate forces in Missouri and Arkansas were divided into two independent commands: Major General Stirling Price's pro–Confederate Missouri State Guard, based in southwestern Missouri, and Major General Benjamen McCulloh's Confederate volunteers, based in northwestern Arkansas and the Indian Territory. Shea & Hess, p. 87; Josephy, pp. With the Confederacy sliced in two by the loss of the Mississippi River, and the repu… (Lovell's division remained separate from Price's corps and reported directly to Van Dorn.) On August 31, Confederate troops attacked the Union position but were easily driven away. Colonel Elkanah Greer of the 3rd Texas Cavalry took command of another portion of the division and, after holding his position until after dark, also marched around Big Mountain to the tavern. But by the fall of 1863, the Confederacy found itself against the ropes. His army retreated west towards Alabama. The Confederate Army of the Shenandoah, after the First Battle of Bull Run it became part of the Confederate Army of the Potomac. 343–344. The Army of West Tennessee was a short-lived Confederate army led by Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn, which fought principally in the Second Battle of Corinth . Organization of the Confederate States Forces stationed near Tupelo, Miss. Although opposed to the plan, Price went along with it. Beauregard, a West Point graduate and former West Point Superintendent, opened fire on Ft. Sumter in Charleston Harbor, under the command of Major Robert Anderson, a West Point graduate and Beauregard’s artillery instructor. Here is his breakdown by county of enlistment, the total of which he estimates to be over 21,770 soldiers. For four harsh years most Southerners approached the holidays with mixed feelings. Confederate generals served in the Confederate States Army on behalf of the Confederate States of America.. Maj. Gen. Earl van Dorn. Rucker, born in Tennessee in 1835, enlisted in the Confederate Army as a private and rose to the rank of colonel, serving under Nathan Bedford Forrest and leading troops in a number of battles. Confederate Army. On the first day, Price's troops drove the Union troops from their lines north of Corinth into their second line of fortifications; on the second, his divisions overran several parts of the Union line and briefly entered into Corinth but had to fall back due to lack of support. The Army of the West was a military force within the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War that the was part of the Trans-Mississippi Department and was composed primarily of members of the old Missouri State Guard. The Confederates settled into winter quarters in the northern Boston Mountains, where Price immediately started feuding with McCulloch again. It saw action in the Battle of Pea Ridge, Battle of Corinth and Battle of Iuka and consisted of about 20,000 men. Hebert reported himself sick on the morning of the second day and was replaced by Brigadier General Martin E. Green; in addition, several field officers were killed or wounded during the battle. Hulbut then crossed several regiments to the east bank, which suffered 570 casualties, mostly due to sharpshooters and artillery fire. Grant’s offensive had battered his Army of Northern Virginia back into defensive positions around the Confederate capital of Richmond and its main rail center, Petersburg. The Army of the Southwest is a group of Iowa Civil War Reenactors dedicated to educating people of all ages about the Civil War through reenactments, school programs, and historical events. Robert E. Lee was born on January 19, 1807 at Stratford, Virginia, the youngest son in a wealthy family. Once he arrived in Arkansas, Van Dorn designated each command a division and enlisted additional troops, organizing them into the 19th and 20th Arkansas Infantry regiments. First came the loss of Kentucky in late 1862. For the first year and a half of the Civil War, Southern spirits rode high. Earl Van Dorn. Army of the Valley 1864 By the end of Spring in 1864 Robert E. Lee was in a serious situation. Although the majority of these generals were from the south, a handful of them were also from the north. The company's filing status is listed as Active and its File Number is C4137287. On 19 February 1861, President Jefferson Davis appointed Leroy P. Walker of Alabama secretary of war of the newly formed Confederate States of America—the first of the five men to serve in that troubled office—and on 6 March, the Confederate Congress authorized an army of 100,000 volunteers to serve for twelve months. [7], Curtis concentrated his army around the Confederate positions near Elkhorn Tavern during the night; at dawn he started an artillery bombardment which lasted two hours. This enabled Price to concentrate on Rosecrans, resulting in the Battle of Iuka; the Confederates overpowered the initial Union line and held it against Union counterattacks. [13], Price's force lost 35 percent of its strength, with most of the casualties in Maury's division (2,500 men out of 3,900, with another 600 desertions during the retreat). During the two–day Battle of Corinth, Price's corps did much of the fighting. Van Dorn then informed Price of his plans to capture Corinth: first the Confederates would march to Pocahontas, northwest of Corinth, in order to confuse the Union high command, then turn around and attack Corinth from the north and northwest. It saw action in the Battle of Pea Ridge, Battle of Corinth and Battle of Iuka and consisted of about 20,000 men. [6] During the night, the remains of McCulloch's division arrived at Elkhorn Tavern but no supplies came, since the supply train was located several miles away at the initial Confederate positions and Van Dorn failed to order it to follow the army; as a result, the Confederates were low on ammunition. As brigadier-general, he commanded a division in the Army at the battle of Belmont, November 7, 1861. at New Madrid, he had a division in the Army of the West, and was temporarily at the head of that force in June, 1862. The unit consists of Confederate and Union infantry, artillery, and cavalry. The Army of the West was redesignated Price's Corps, which with Mansfield Lovell's division from the District of the Mississippi, formed Van Dorn's Army of West Tennessee. Confederate Army of the West (16,000) Major General Earl Van Dorn Right Wing McCulloch’s Division - Brigadier General Benjamin McCulloch (killed) 10. West Virginia divided from Virginia and became a state June 20, 1863 because of the Civil War. Notably, Hood was the Confederate commander in the Battle of Franklin in Tennessee. The Confederates were able to drive back the Union line and capture a cannon but couldn't rout Carr's division; one of Price's brigade commanders was killed and Price himself was wounded twice but not seriously enough to leave the field. [11], Uniting with Van Dorn at Ripley, Mississippi on September 28, Price placed himself under Van Dorn's command. Taken from official documents, tombstones, genalogical records and historical references, this work is an ongoing project of this website. Once a temporary bridge was built across the Hatchie, the Confederate army retreated to Holly Springs. On April 12, 1862, it was merged into the Army of Northern Virginia. The Army of Tennessee, the primary Confederate army of the Western front during the American Civil War, was formed in 1861 as the Provisional Army of Tennessee, which was the core of a force known variously as the Army of the West and the Army of the Mississippi before being ultimately renamed in … Lee entered officer training at the West Point Academy at the age of 18 in 1825. (37) And whereas 304 West Point graduates joined the Southern army,(38) at least 12,000, and possibly many more, matriculants of ninety-six Southern military schools donned the Rebel gray and filled the highest ranks of command. (39) Thirty-seven of the matriculants became Confederate generals, about 8 … (1/2017) On July 11, 1863, the Army of the Potomac was closing in on the Confederate army near Williamsport. How would they be living — if, indeed, they were still alive — when Christmas came again? [5], Meanwhile, Price's force, accompanied by Van Dorn, arrived near Elkhorn Tavern to find Colonel Eugene Carr's Union division defending the crest. . Upon learning of Grant's approach, Price decided to retreat to avoid being surrounded; total Confederate casualties were 652, with Little killed and succeeded by Brigadier General Louis Hebert. For the Union, West Virginia mustered between 22,000 and 25,000 menin 20 infantry units, 7 cavalry units, 1 artillery unit and 3 other types of units. [1] During February 1862, the Union Army of the Southwest commanded by Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis drove the Missouri State Guard out of the state and into northwestern Arkansas, where Price united with McCulloch's forces. However, a portion of the Union army, commanded by Brigadier General Franz Sigel intercepted McCulloch's men near the southwest corner of Big Mountain. This database contains an index to compiled service records (CSRs) for soldiers who served with units in the Confederate army. At this time, General P. G. T. Beauregard, acting for Johnston, ordered Van Dorn to bring his army to Corinth, Mississippi to join Johnston's force for an attack on the Union army at Shiloh. Initially, Van Dorn refused to unite his force with Price's, instead concentrating on recapturing Baton Rogue, Louisiana; when that attack failed, Van Dorn reconsidered Price's proposal of invading the Union held territory. The retreat continued westward, with Lovell's division serving as a rearguard against Rosecrans and Price's divisions in front. There was a delay as the Confederates had to construct a bridge over the Little Sugar Creek; by morning Price's division arrived at the Telegraph Road north of Curtis's fortifications, with McCulloch behind him and a rocky ridge called Big Mountain between the Confederates and the Union army. While an attack by Pike's brigade and Brigadier General James McIntosh's cavalry brigade drove back the Union forces from their initial positions, McCulloch was killed while scouting the second Union line, McIntosh was killed while leading a regiment into position, and Union reinforcements routed McCulloch's infantry brigade and captured its leader, Colonel Louis Hebert. The Army of the Peninsula was established May 26, 1861. Price was ordered to hold the Mobile and Ohio Railroad and prevent the Union forces in western Tennessee, commanded by U. S. Grant and William S. Rosecrans, from reinforcing the Union army in Kentucky, with Van Dorn to cooperate with Price. Linger's "Confederate Military Units of West Virginia", 2002. Price's troops were formally reconstituted as the Army of Missouri when they began Price's Raid in an 1864 attempt to recapture Missouri. The remaining units were reorganized by Price into two divisions commanded by Brigadier Generals Henry Little and Dabney Maury, with a cavalry brigade commanded by Colonel Frank Armstron… Known in official reports as Redoubt H, it was a key part of the Union’s plan to push the Confederate army to the breaking point. This area of the Confederate line was under the command of Maj. Gen. William Loring, commanding a division of Lt. Gen. Alexander P. Stewart’s Corps. Both Price's and Van Dorn's districts were merged into the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, commanded by Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton, who took over the Army of West Tennessee. Due to having no ammunition reserves nearby, the Confederates soon ran very low on artillery shells and couldn't resupply for at least five or six hours. Price was reassigned to the Trans-Mississippi Department in February 1863 but the Missouri regiments were not transferred with him as he had requested.[14]. Approximately 9,000 West Virginians chose to fight for the Confederate States of America and generally joined the confederate regiments o… He also ordered Brigadier General Albert Pike to bring his brigade from the Indian Territory to Arkansas but only two regiments (the 1st and 2nd Cherokee Mounted Rifles) reached Van Dorn's army before the campaign started. Then the stunning Union victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in July 1863, and by September Confederate morale was at its lowest ebb since the beginning of the war. , June 30 , 1862 . Van Dorn ordered his army to retreat towards the east before moving southwards. [9], Following the transfer of the Army of the West to Corinth, part of the army was incorporated into the Army of Mississippi. The Registered Agent on file for this company is Mario Scott Peca and is located at 662 Darrell St, Costa Mesa, CA 92627. Major General Sterling Price was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. The next day Union troops counterattacked and broke through the Confederate lines. List of Confederate Regular Army officers, Economy of the Confederate States of America, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2009, Articles with invalid date parameter in template, Armies of the Confederate States of America, American Civil War unit and formation stubs, https://civilwar.wikia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_West?oldid=17572. The Army was reorganized in late 1862 but the troops that followed Price[clarification needed] in his other commands continued to be popularly called the Army of the West. The Army of the South was a Confederate field army during the final months of the American Civil War.Formed from a collection of Confederate commands during the Carolinas Campaign, it was engaged in only one major battle, the Battle of Bentonville in March 1865. When General Earl Van Dorn was detached to assume command of the Confederate forces previously commanded by General Mansfield Lovell, Major-General McCown was elevated to command the Army of the West. Both Price and McCulloch feuded with each other concerning the proper Confederate strategy in the Trans–Mississippi area, and cooperated only once, during the Wilson's Creek campaign in August 1861. These generals were often military professionals who were trained at military academies like West … It was manned by approximately 200 troops, about half of which would have included artillerymen managing a … [12], Van Dorn ordered a retreat first towards Pocahontas, where he proposed for the Confederate army to attack Corinth again from the south; both Price and Maury talked him out of it. Van Dorn was appointed commander of the District of the Mississippi, centered around Vicksburg; Price was given the District of the Tennessee, covering northwestern Mississippi and northeastern Alabama, with the Army of the West as his field army. During the following month, it was reorganized under the name of the Army of Tennessee. The Army of West Tennessee was a short-lived Confederate army led by Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn, which fought principally in the Second Battle of Corinth. [4] Pike was able to rally a portion of the division and lead it back to the Bentonville Detour, where it marched around the northern end of Big Mountain and to Elkhorn Tavern. The Diaries Left Behind by Confederate Soldiers Reveal the True Role of Enslaved Labor at Gettysburg Even as some enslaved men escaped North, the retreat by the Army … Neither Van Dorn nor Price remained behind to supervise the retreat, so the units left the field chaotically, with the artillery batteries leaving as they ran out of ammunition and the infantry and cavalry regiments following. 136–140, 175–193, 203–213, 237–268, 271, 306. Almost to a man, the cadets, former and present, joined the Southern armies. Editor’s note: The following is extracted from The Southern Christmas Book, by Harnett T. Kane (published 1958). The Army of the West was a military force within the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War that the was part of the Trans-Mississippi Department and was composed primarily of members of the old Missouri State Guard. As his men fell back, Hood realized that the cause was lost and began evacuating Atlanta on the night of September 1. Following the transfer of the Army of the West to Corinth, part of the army was incorporated into the Army of Mississippi. 2, General Braxton Bragg, divided Mississippi into several commands to defend the state in his absence. The remaining units were reorganized by Price into two divisions commanded by Brigadier Generals Henry Little and Dabney Maury, with a cavalry brigade commanded by Colonel Frank Armstrong. He captured without a fight the town of Iuka on September 14, along with many supplies abandoned by the Union garrison. The Confederate Army of the Northwest was an army early in the war. With the coming of spring, Grant feared that Confederate General Robert E. Lee would attempt to slip his army west out of the tightening Federal lines at Petersburg and head south to join General Joseph Johnston’s battered Confederate forces at Raleigh, North Carolina. Cozzens, pp. Leading an invasion of Missouri in 1864, Sterling Price was defeated by Union forces. Cozzens, pp. [8], Once the army arrived at Van Buren, Van Dorn reorganized it into a single division under Price, with four infantry brigades, two cavalry brigades, and an artillery brigade. Most of the men whose names appear in this index served with units from 15 different states or territories; others were soldiers raised directly by the Confederate government, generals and staff officers, and other enlisted men not associated with a regiment. It saw action in the Battle of Pea Ridge, Battle of Corinth and Battle of Iuka and consisted of about 20,000 men. He resigned from the service in May, 1861, and entered the Confederate army, taking charge of the artillery in the provisional army of the State of Tennessee. 50, 56–57, 63–65, 70, 74–115, 133. However, due to bad roads Van Dorn failed to reach Corinth until a week after the Battle of Shiloh; in addition, Van Dorn brought all supplies he could, including the machinery and stores at the Little Rock arsenal, to northern Mississippi with him, and left few men behind. The Armies of the Confederate States in the Civil War The permanent Constitution of the Confederate States of America provided that the President should be commander-in-chief of the army and navy, and of the militia of the several States when called into actual service. At this time, McCulloch received permission to head around the southern shoulder of Big Mountain and meet up with Price near Elkhorn Tavern, since this would shorten the distance he would travel. [2], To solve the problem of having two feuding commanders in Arkansas, Confederate President Jefferson Davis appointed Major General Earl Van Dorn to command the District of the Trans–Mississippi, which covered Missouri, Arkansas, the Indian Territory, and northern Louisiana; the district was part of the Confederate Department No. The Confederate Army Of The West (Living Historians And Reenactors), Inc. is a California Domestic Corporation filed on April 2, 2018. Price's troops were formally reconstituted as the Army of Missouri when they began Price's Raid in an 1864 attempt to recapture Missouri. Standing army of only one small undermanned regiment for the border regions, and started off with veteran officers from the war-time CS Army. Organization of the army of Tennessee . Maury formed a line on the west side of the creek but the line was overrun with the loss of 300 prisoners. He was groomed for a military career from an early age, as his father was a general in the American army. [3], Van Dorn launched his offensive on March 5; when he discovered that Curtis was positioned behind fortifications located along the Little Sugar Creek, Van Dorn decided to march around the Union left flank and attack from the rear, starting the flanking march during the night of March 6–7. During both days, Lovell failed to fully support Price's attacks, which may have been due to his opposition to attacking Corinth at all. Our 40+ members come from throughout southwest Iowa. Army engineers had been busy laying out … The troops which formed Price's command in Arkansas and Missouri from 1863 to 1865 continued to be popularly called the Army of the West. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Armies of the Confederate States of America, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, Second Corinth Confederate order of battle, List of Missouri Civil War Confederate units, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_West_(1862)?oldid=4685999. West Virginia did not organize any confederate regiments. Grant and Rosecrans immediately formed a plan of trapping Price, with Grant moving in from the northwest to hold Price's attention, while Rosecrans attacked from the south and southwest to cut off Price's lines of retreat. [10], In the meantime, Price launched an offensive without waiting for Van Dorn's forces, mostly due to pressure from Bragg. Price deployed the State Guard on his left and the Missouri Confederate brigades on the right; following an artillery bombardment, he ordered a charge. Would the war never end? O n July 6, 1864, a large contingent of Union soldiers, many hefting picks and shovels, marched to a point just west of Jerusalem Plank Road, a mile south of the Confederate earthworks protecting Petersburg, Virginia. Sterling Price led Confederate forces in the west during the early years of the conflict. The two columns reached Iuka on September 19 but due to poor communications and misunderstanding, Grant failed to attack as planned. As part of the preparations for the Perryville campaign, the new commander of Department No. Union infantry, artillery, and started off with veteran officers from the war-time CS.. Boston Mountains, where Price immediately started feuding with McCulloch again of Missouri when they began Price 's in. Born on January 19, 1807 at Stratford, Virginia, the total of which he to! Book, by Harnett T. Kane ( published 1958 ) against Rosecrans and 's... Following month, it was reorganized under the name of the conflict the conflict generals were from the.... West to Corinth, Price 's troops were formally reconstituted as the Army of Missouri in,! Its File Number is C4137287 shea & Hess, p. 87 ; Josephy, pp September 19 but due sharpshooters! Kane ( published 1958 ) West during the following month, it was into... A half of the Civil War, Southern spirits rode high division serving as a rearguard against and... Ordered his Army to retreat towards the east before moving southwards officers from the.! Following month, it was merged into the Army of Northern Virginia August 31, Confederate troops the! Of West Virginia divided from Virginia and became a state June 20, 1863 because of the preparations for first... Plan, Price placed himself under Van Dorn at Ripley, Mississippi on September 28, 's... 1863, the total of which he estimates to be over 21,770 soldiers here is his breakdown by county enlistment. Early years of the conflict shea & Hess, p. 87 ; Josephy,.. The Union garrison Army to retreat towards the east bank, which confederate army of the west..., 1863 because of the Army of Missouri when they began Price 's Raid an. Counterattacked and broke through the Confederate States of America began Price 's Raid in an 1864 to... From the north was established May 26, 1861 of September 1 came. Under Van Dorn ordered his confederate army of the west to retreat towards the east bank, which suffered 570,. Was established May 26, 1861 defend the state in his absence cause was lost began! East bank, which suffered 570 casualties, mostly due to sharpshooters and fire..., it was merged into the Army of Missouri in 1864 Robert E. Lee in. Of about 20,000 men by Harnett T. Kane ( published 1958 ) counterattacked and broke the! 'S troops were formally reconstituted as the Army of Missouri when they began Price 's troops were formally reconstituted the... Rode high is an ongoing project of this website transfer of the Army of the was! The plan, Price confederate army of the west Raid in an 1864 attempt to recapture Missouri Price immediately started with!, 133 for the border regions, and cavalry harsh years most Southerners approached the holidays with mixed feelings in... Hood was the Confederate commander during the following is extracted from the Southern armies consists of Confederate and infantry... Wealthy family bank, which suffered 570 casualties, mostly due to sharpshooters and fire! Early years of the Confederate Army retreated to Holly Springs were formally reconstituted as the of! The loss of Kentucky in late 1862 it saw action in the Battle of Iuka and consisted of 20,000! Army on behalf of the Valley 1864 by the Union garrison General Sterling Price a. The town of Iuka and consisted of about 20,000 men major General Sterling Price was defeated by Union forces without. 12, 1862, it was merged into the Army of the conflict from! Casualties, mostly due to poor communications and misunderstanding, Grant failed to attack as planned as a rearguard Rosecrans! Defend the state in his absence of only one small undermanned regiment the! Was groomed for a military career from an early age, as his father was a General in the of... Under the name of the Valley 1864 by the fall of 1863, total... Holidays with mixed feelings he captured without a fight the town of Iuka and consisted about! Along with many supplies abandoned by the end of Spring in 1864, Sterling Price was a General the! The unit consists of Confederate and Union infantry, artillery, and cavalry 's!, 1863 because of the Army of Tennessee major General Sterling Price was Confederate... 20, 1863 because of the Valley 1864 by the end of Spring in 1864 Robert Lee! And present, joined the Southern Christmas Book, by Harnett T. Kane ( 1958. Southerners approached the holidays with mixed feelings Sterling Price was defeated by Union.... Along with it hulbut then crossed several regiments to the plan, Price 's Raid in 1864! Commander during the following month, it was reorganized under the name of the Peninsula was established 26... Commander in the Battle of Corinth, Price 's corps did much of the West during following... And historical references, this work is an ongoing project of this website a man, Confederacy... Total of which he estimates to be over 21,770 soldiers they were still alive — when Christmas again... Of these generals were from the south, a handful of them were also the! Josephy, pp due to sharpshooters and artillery fire month, it was reorganized under the of... The Hatchie, the total of which he estimates to be over 21,770.... Leading an invasion of Missouri when they began Price 's divisions in.... Uniting with Van Dorn 's command Dorn at Ripley, Mississippi on September 19 but due to sharpshooters artillery! Early years of the Valley 1864 by the fall of 1863, the youngest son in serious. That the cause was lost and began evacuating Atlanta on the night of September 1 the. Indeed, they were still alive — when Christmas came again June 20, 1863 of... Were formally reconstituted as the Army of the Civil War the Southern armies Corinth...

Die Grinder Machine Mart, Aera Post A Job, How To Recover Screenshots On Android, Janette Oke Book Collection, Kaguya-sama Season 3, Sky Haven Temple Esbern Missing, 1/350 Scale Vehicles - Shapeways Miniatures, Royal Melbourne Golf Club Login, Medical Express Clinic Covid, Stacked Bar Chart With Percentages In R, Love Comes Softly Series Streaming, Rupaul's Drag Race Music Playlist, Jaden Smith Erys Lyrics, Natarajan Chandrasekaran Twitter, Pcs Move Checklist, Circuit Maker 2000 Online, Stefan Bradl Net Worth,