On 8 May, elements of the 9th Armored and 1st Infantry Divisions liberated two sub-camps of Flossenbuerg:  Zwodau and Falkenau an der Eger. G-3 (Operations) Division. (New York: Da Capo P, 1969). Combat Command B helped delay the Germans at St. Vith. The 9th Armored Division served on occupation duties in Germany throughout the summer of 1945. Like the other CCA task force, they did not encounter any German resistance. [56] CCA, 9th Armored Division AAR, pp. The 3AD was activated in April 1941 and began its training at Camp Polk, Lousiana. Here in the Ardennes, the 9th Armored Division’s three combat commands were split up and used to augment other divisions in the area. [1], The “Light” Armored Division organization was designed to address the shortages of infantry in the “Heavy” Armored Division organization. Message from Eisenhower to US Military Mission, Moscow - 8 May 1945 (Ref. The front lines of 1st Infantry Division were located about five kilometers east of Cheb. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Army Lineage Series  Armor-Cavalry Part 1. Soviet armies driving west met the Americans at the Elbe River near Leipzig on April 25, 1945. Between April 1938 and April 1945, some 238,380 people of various nationalities were incarcerated in … “Col. Colonel, USA (Ret.). concentration camp. This was not a slight against the 16th Armored Division. Celebrations, however, amongst the U.S. troops in Czechoslovakia were not as boisterous as one might expect. Letter to the Author – 18 April 1998. [35], By early May, the rapid and minimally opposed occupation of the National Redoubt area by Third and Seventh U.S. reading, is happening now. Latimer was new to the job, having only been placed in command on 28 April. They were now a part of the 1st Infantry Division. Cecil Roberts received his commission through the Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) in early 1941 and soon after went on active duty. Osterkamp revealed that his corps had only about 2,200 soldiers in its three depleted divisions and that altogether there were some 17,000 Germans in his area of responsibility. [Hereafter cited as 14th Tank AAR.] “The mob now consisted of some 12,000 Luftwaffe, 3000 Wehrmacht infantry, 2000 SS troops, 1000 civilians and some 2000 vehicles.”  To ensure order in the camps and prevent a large-scale riot, Ruhlen placed a battery of his self-propelled guns, several attached half-tracks with quad fifty-caliber machine guns and several tanks in positions to fire directly at the camps if necessary. Several explosions damaged part of the bridge, but the main charges failed to fire and the bridge remained standing. (Oberursel, Germany:  U.S. Army, Europe - Historical Division [Foreign Military Studies Branch,] March 1946). [Hereafter the After Action Report is cited as TUSA AAR.] All other German forces in Czechoslovakia belonged to Army Group Center. Combat during the fall of 1944 thus developed into a grinding battle of attrition amidst worsening weather conditions on Germany's western front. By March, American troops closed on the Rhine River. [59] Ruhlen, 3rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion History, pp.145-7. Only in Czechoslovakia were the Germans still mounting serious resistance. This was in addition to … Spearheading the attack of the First Army in the spring of 1945, the 9th Armored Division drove rapidly into the German heartland, rolling along the autobahns built by the Hitler regime. John Shirley Wood - List of nicknames of United States Army divisions - Fort Drum - Camp Ibis - Battle of Arracourt - George S. Patton - 101st Airborne Division - Operation Cobra - Creighton Abrams - 37th Armor Regiment - XII Corps (United States) - Fort Hood - Ohrdruf concentration camp - 1st Armored Division (United States) - Battle of the Bulge - 51st Infantry Regiment … When we reached the ramp it was more understandable why we could not stop. FWD-21006).” RG407, NARA. [4] U.S. Army. [26] U.S. Army. As the 9th Armored Division encircled the city, SS guards at the camp set a barracks afire and shot prisoners as they tried to escape. The advance had been costly. He was assigned to the 2nd Horse Cavalry at Fort Riley. The Division crossed and started the great drive into the heart of Germany. Operations Planning Section. Frank M. Hendricks spotted a German motorcyclist and a truck load of soldiers. [24] TUSA AAR. On the Big Red One’s left was the 6th Cavalry Group of VIII Corps. (Washington DC:  Office of the Chief of Military History, 1969), pp. Nevertheless, after only a couple hours, higher headquarters radioed orders for CCA to halt its forces in place. At around 1045, Combat Command A began its march and headed south along the Autobahn from Jena to Hirschberg with Company C of the 89th Reconnaissance Squadron  in the vanguard. Under questioning they informed their captors of the German High Command’s surrender several hours before. Join us right now to watch a live interview with a Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. Diary. The battalion had had five of the new M26 Pershing tanks, equipped with the 90mm cannon, but traded them in early April 1945 to the 19th Tank Battalion for five M4A3 Shermans. The ceremony at the US Capitol, featuring a candle-lighting and names He was honorably discharged in June 2011 as a Religious Program Specialist First Class (Fleet Marine Force). General Toussaint had decided to abandon the city and so had taken his forces west to surrender to the Americans. Then on 7 March 1945, a task force of the 9th Armored Division captured the Ludendorff Bridge at Remagen on the Rhine River – the last great geographical barrier blocking the Allies from pouring across Germany. One month later on 25 September 1944, the division arrived in France. [54], That afternoon, the 14th Tank Battalion was ordered to have an officer in Class A uniform with ribbons report to CCA’s Headquarters for a special assignment. “Victims of mass burning of 250 Polish and French slave laborers at Nazi camp near Leipzig on April 19, 1945, the day before city was captured by 69th Division of the US First Army. There they conducted training and performed maintenance on their vehicles. The 9th Armored Division. On 24 March 18 Tank Bn of the 8th Armored Division was ferried across in support of the 30th Infantry prior to the Division's crossing. “Light” Armored Divisions were further bolstered by permanently assigned tank destroyer and self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery battalions and other support units as needed. He would be participating in the acceptance of the surrender of General Osterkamp and his 12th Corps. I understand a German nuclear device was captured near Goslar on 26 April 1945 by the Ninth US Army. 2-4.;  14th Tank AAR;  60AIB AAR, p. 2. In Nürnberg, the local Nazi leader shot the mayor and then himself. 3rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion / Combat Command A / 9th Armored Division. Patton immediately issued orders for V Corps and XII Corps to attack the following morning with their infantry divisions to open up routes for their armored divisions to pass through. Company C of the 89th Reconnaissance Squadron would led the command’s column followed by Task Force Collins, the Command Headquarters, armored engineers, tank destroyers, anti-aircraft artillery, the 3rd Armored Field Artillery, Task Force Engeman, the medical company and the command’s supply and maintenance units. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, senior British diplomats and military officers, the U.S. State Department and pro-democracy Czechs and Slovaks pressed for Third U.S. Army to liberate Prague and as much of western Czechoslovakia as possible as a possible counter-balance to Soviet machinations to install pro-Soviet Czech and Slovak Communists in power in the liberated country. Colonel, USA (dec.). This entailed swapping units between the tank and armored infantry battalions. —167th Signal Photographic Company, Unit 123. At the end of April, Twelfth U.S. Army Group decided to have First U.S. Army accept some responsibility for the Czechoslovak border in order for Third Army to continue its drive into Austria. The 101st Airborne Division. “The Russians were our allies on 11 May 1945,” recalled Capt Roberts “We were all happy, drinking vodka and celebrating at the time. [4], The 9th Armored Division’s first commanding general was Major General Geoffrey Keyes, assisted by Brigadier Generals Ernest Harmon and John W. Leonard. No. In addition, Bradley transferred First U.S. Army’s V Corps to Third U.S. Army for Patton to use in his offensive. [12], The 9th Armored Division was still operating as three separate units when the last great German counter-offensive of the war, a struggle that wold become known in the U.S. Army as the Battle of the Bulge, struck U.S. positions in the Ardennes during December. [23] Paul M. 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